Uganda Country Overview
Where is Uganda located? The landlocked country of Uganda is located in East Africa. The national languages in Uganda are English and Swahili. The time zone map assigns countries to different world time zones according to their geographic location. The time zone in which Uganda is located is called “East Africa Time”. In this time zone there is a time difference of +3 hours to the coordinated world time. This means that the clocks there are 3 hours later than the world clock. This difference stays the same throughout the year as it is not customary in Uganda to change the clock to daylight saving time. This is not done in most African countries because the location close to the equator makes the “Daylight Saving Time” superfluous.
As of 2023, the latest population of Uganda is 43,252,966, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||3.34%|
|Birth rate||42.90 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||53.98 years|
|Men life expectancy||52.65 years|
|Women life expectancy||55.35 years|
|65 years and above||1.96%|
|Median age||15.60 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.99|
|Population density||179.44 residents per km²|
|over 50 ethn. Groups: 50% Bantu groups (17% Baganda, 10% Banyankore, 9% Basoga, 7% Bakiga, 5% Bagisu etc.), 25% West and East Nilotic groups (7% Iteso, 6% Langi, 4% Acholi etc.)), 4% Sudanese groups (3% Lugbara and others); Indian, European and Arab minorities|
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 33%, Protestants 33%, Muslims 16%, indigenous religions 18%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.528|
|HDI ranking||159th out of 194|
People in Uganda
More than 44 million people live in Uganda, divided into more than 60 ethnic groups. 60 percent of the population belong to a Bantu people. Bantu live mainly in the south of the country and in central Uganda. Of these, the Baganda people comprise the largest group. 16 out of 100 residents are Baganda. They also gave the country its name. Baganda live in Buganda, which is what Uganda became. This is followed by the Ankole with 9.4 and the Basoga with 8.7 percent. Bakiga and Bagisu are the next largest Bantu peoples.
The Nile ethnic group lives in the central north of the country. They make up a total of 15 percent of the population. The largest Nile tribes in Uganda are the Langi and the Acholi. 7 percent of the population belong to a Sudanese people like the Lugbara.
At the time of the ruler Idi Amin, many people from Asia were expelled from the country, only a few returned. Few Europeans and Arabs still live in Uganda. Only one in 100 is a non-African, so originally comes from Europe, Asia or the Arab region.
Most of the Ugandan population – 84 out of 100 people – live in the countryside. The city with the highest population is Kampala, 2.8 million people live here. The city is growing fast. The south-west of the country is much more densely populated than the north or north-east of Uganda. Life in the country and in the city is also very different.
High population growth in Uganda
The population growth in Uganda is very high. It is assumed that with current growth, the country’s population will have doubled by 2050. This is a problem for many African countries where women have many children. In Uganda, every woman has an average of 5.7 children.
Meanwhile, the flight from the country to the city is also increasing. More and more people are moving to the bigger cities and especially to the capital Kampala to find happiness there. This poses problems for the city again, because all the people want to be fed and are looking for work.
Languages in Uganda
English and Swahili are the official languages in Uganda. Swahili is spoken in the north and east of the country and is an important lingua franca.
In the Kingdom of Buganda, the Baganda people speak their own language, the Luganda. Since the Baganda are the largest ethnic group, this language is heard quite often in the south of the country. The other Bantu peoples speak their own Bantu language. The Nilots in the north speak Nilotic languages, the Sudanese peoples speak Sudanese languages.
Religions in Uganda
85 out of 100 residents belong to the Christian faith. 45 percent are Protestants, with the largest group being Anglicans. 39 percent are Catholic.
13 out of 100 residents are Muslims. They live mainly in northern Uganda. In Kampala you can still find temples of the Sikhs or the Hindus, but not many people of these religions live in Uganda anymore because the dictator Idi Amin drove them out in the 1970s. Some people still live their old natural religions.