Trinidad and Tobago Country Overview
Where is Trinidad and Tobago located? The islands of Trinidad and Tobago together form an island nation named after them both. Together they belong to the Lesser Antilles and are located in northeastern Venezuela. Because of their proximity to the Lesser Antilles, the islands of Trinidad and Tobago are on the time zone map in the same time zone, “Atlantic Standard Time”. There is a time shift of -4 hours. So clocks there are always 4 hours earlier than the world clock. There is no changeover to daylight saving time during the summer months.
Bordering Countries of Trinidad and Tobago
According to abbreviationfinder, Trinidad and Tobago is an island nation located in the southern Caribbean Sea, just off the coast of Venezuela. Its two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, are separated by just 10 miles of sea. Trinidad is the larger of the two islands and has a population of 1.3 million people. It is considered to be an economic powerhouse in the Caribbean, due to its high per capita income and large petroleum industry. Tobago is much smaller than Trinidad, with a population of just 55 thousand people. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests and laid-back atmosphere.
Trinidad and Tobago shares maritime borders with Grenada to the north-west, Barbados to the north-east, and Venezuela to the south-west. To the east lies Guyana which was formerly part of British Guiana until it gained independence in 1966. The country also has diplomatic relations with other nations in South America such as Colombia and Brazil as well as with some countries in Central America including Mexico and Belize. In addition to this there are several islands that surround Trinidad and Tobago such as Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire, St Maarten/St Martin and Anguilla which all have close ties to each other due to their shared cultural heritage stemming from their colonial pasts.
As of 2023, the latest population of Trinidad and Tobago is 1,208,789, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||-0.30%|
|Birth rate||12.70 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||71.96 years|
|Men life expectancy||69.09 years|
|Women life expectancy||74.91 years|
|65 years and above||11.10%|
|Median age||35.00 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.03|
|Population density||235.72 residents per km²|
|40% Indian, 38% African, 19% mixed ancestry|
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 29.4%, Hindu 23.8%, Anglicans 10.9%, Muslims 5.8%, Presbyterians 3.4%, others 26.7%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.799|
|HDI ranking||63rd out of 194|
People in Trinidad and Tobago
About 35 percent of the ancestors of the residents of Trinidad and Tobago come from Africa and India. They were brought here as slaves or, after slavery was abolished in the 19th century, hired as workers.
In addition, there are around 20 percent who see themselves as descendants of at least two ethnic groups. Only 0.1 percent of the population are indigenous. Other minorities are whites of European descent and Chinese.
Each woman has an average of 1.7 children. That is a little more than ours (1.4 children). 53 percent of the population lives in urban areas.
Languages in Trinidad and Tobago
The official language in Trinidad and Tobago is English. 95 percent of the population speak it. Due to its proximity to Venezuela, Spanish is also widely used as a second language. However, many people speak a Creole language as their mother tongue, namely Trinidad Creole or Tobago Creole. Both are based on English and contain African elements. They are similar, but there are also differences. Trinidad Creole is also influenced by French.
Religions in Trinidad and Tobago
A majority of 54 percent profess Christianity. Of these, 32 percent belong to a Protestant church and 22 percent are Catholic. 18 percent are Hindus and 5 percent Muslim.