Switzerland Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Switzerland Country Overview

Where is Switzerland located? The alpine country of Switzerland, or “Swiss Confederation” is a country in Central Europe that is completely surrounded by other countries. The time zone map assigns Switzerland to the Central European world time zone. In this time zone there is a time difference of +1 hour to the universal time (UTC). In the summer months, this difference increases to +2 hours difference to the world clock, since the clocks are then put forward one hour for summer time.

Switzerland National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Switzerland is 8,403,994, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 8,403,994
Population growth rate 0.66%
Birth rate 10.50 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 82.28 years
Men life expectancy 79.99 years
Women life expectancy 84.71 years
Age structure
0-14 years 15.23%
15-64 years 66.45%
65 years and above 18.34%
Median age 42.10 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.97
Population density 203.60 residents per km²
Urbanization 67.50%
Swiss – 65% German-Swiss, 18% French-Swiss, Italian 10%, Italian-Swiss, 1% Romansch – 6% others; Share of foreigners in 2016: 24.1%
Catholics (Roman Catholic 44%; Protestants 37%; non-religious 12%; Muslims 4.5%; others 2.5%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.946
HDI ranking 2nd out of 194

People in Switzerland

Switzerland is a small country, with 8.6 million people living here. 27 out of 100 residents of Switzerland come from abroad; they do not have citizenship. There are very many.

Most of the immigrants come from Germany, Italy, France and the countries of the former Yugoslavia or Turkey. More than half of the immigrants come from the neighboring countries of Switzerland and mostly live in the part of Switzerland where their mother tongue is spoken, i.e. German, French or Italian.

There are six major cities in Switzerland. These are Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne, Bern and Winterthur. Only a small part of the land is habitable. Most people live in the Central Plateau. The larger cities such as Zurich and Basel are also located here.

Languages in Switzerland

Although Switzerland is a small country, there are four languages spoken as official languages. Depending on where you are now in Switzerland, a different language will be spoken. These languages ​​are German (64 percent), French (20 percent), Italian (7 percent), and a language called Romansh (1 percent). Romansh is a mixture of Italian and French.

In the west of Switzerland the children speak French and on the Italian borders in the south Italian. Most people speak German, by the way. However, this is not our standard German, it sounds a little different. It’s called Swiss German or Schwyzerdütsch. This German can then also differ from region to region. For us, the Swiss dialect is not that easy to understand, even though it is the German language.

Religions in Switzerland

41 out of 100 Swiss are Catholics, 40 out of 100 Protestant Reformed. The rest is divided between other religious communities or non-denominational people. These are people who don’t feel they belong to any particular religion.