Sweden Country Overview
Where is Sweden located? The Kingdom of Sweden is located in northern Europe and the form of government is a parliamentary monarchy. The islands of Gotland and Öland are part of the Swedish state. Sweden is part of the EU. The time zone map assigns Sweden to the Central European world time zone. There is a time difference of +1 hour to the coordinated world time. This difference increases to +2 hours in the summer months when tracking daylight saving time.
As of 2023, the latest population of Sweden is 10,202,491, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||0.79%|
|Birth rate||12.10 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||81.28 years|
|Men life expectancy||78.95 years|
|Women life expectancy||83.75 years|
|65 years and above||20.37%|
|Median age||41.20 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.98|
|Population density||22.66 residents per km²|
|Sweden; approx. 500,000 Swedes and 20,000 Sámi (Sami); Proportion of foreigners 2015: 7.5%|
|Lutherans 87%; Catholics (Roman Catholic 1.7%; Orthodox, Baptists, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.937|
|HDI ranking||8th out of 194|
People in Sweden
Sweden has around ten million residents. However, not only Swedes live in the country.
Ten percent of the population belong to another ethnic group. This is how Finns live in Sweden. They are called Swedish Finns. Many of them speak Finnish as their mother tongue. The Swedish Finns live predominantly in central Sweden.
The original residents in the north of the Scandinavian Peninsula are the Sami. Around 20,000 Sami still live in Sweden. In addition to hunting and fishing, they mainly reared reindeer. Today only a few seeds do that.
There are also many people in Sweden who were born abroad and immigrated to the country. In addition to the Finns, these immigrants are mainly people from Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, Poland, Iran, Turkey and Syria.
By the way, 88 percent of all Swedes live in cities. The biggest cities are Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Uppsala.
Languages in Sweden
Swedish is spoken in Sweden. Swedish is closely related to Danish and especially to Norwegian. All three originated from Old Norse, the language of the Teutons in Scandinavia. Norwegians and Swedes can get along quite well.
Swedish has many dialects and a Swede can hear which part of the country someone comes from. In the Swedish alphabet there are not only Ä and Ö as separate letters, but also Å. It is pronounced more like an “o”. The little curl on top is an “o”. An example of a Swedish sentence: Barnet äter äpplet. That means: the child eats the apple.
In addition to Swedish, there are other languages, albeit in a minority. This includes Finnish, which is spoken by the Finnish Swedes. Tornedal Finnish, a Finnish dialect, is also spoken on the Swedish-Finnish border. It is named after the Tornedal, a valley that forms the border river there.
The Sami people usually speak Swedish, but sometimes also Sami. Sami is one of the Finnish-Ugric languages and is therefore not related to Swedish. “It’s cold” means in North Sami: lea čoaskkis.
Religions in Sweden
58 percent of Swedes are Protestant. You belong to the Swedish Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Sweden. Until 2000 it was the state church of Sweden.
1.1 percent of the population are Catholics. About 5.1 percent belong to Islam and 1.2 percent to the Christian Orthodox Church.