South Sudan Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Where is South Sudan located? South Sudan is a country located in Central Africa. As of 2023, the latest population of South Sudan is 10,561,244, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

South Sudan National Flag

Population Distribution

Total population 10,561,244
Population growth rate 2.70%
Birth rate 35.50 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy
Men life expectancy
Women life expectancy
Age structure
0-14 years 42.30%
15-64 years 55.21%
65 years and above 2.49%
Median age 17.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female)
Population density 16.39 residents per km²
approx. 200 ethnic groups, mainly Nilotic peoples (including 35.8% Dinka, 15.6% Nuer, Schilluk, Azande, Toposa, Bari)
Animists, Christians
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.413
HDI ranking 186th out of 194

People in South Sudan

22 out of 100 people in the former Sudan now live in South Sudan. It is now assumed that there are more than eleven million residents.

Many people in South Sudan can neither read nor write, many do not get enough to eat and so more than a quarter are malnourished, some even speak a third of the population. South Sudan is one of the poorest developing countries in all of Africa.

In contrast to Sudan, where the majority of the population is Arab, the majority of South Sudan’s population are black Africans. There are two major ethnic groups in South Sudan. These are the Dinka and the Nuer. 35 out of 100 residents are Dinka, 15 out of 100 are Nuer. Both peoples belong to the Nilots who speak a Nilotic language. But both groups are fighting over political leadership in the country and fighting each other fiercely again and again.

Languages in South Sudan

English is the official language in South Sudan. However, many people still speak Arabic here. There are also many other languages ​​of the individual ethnic groups. Dinka speak their own language just like Nuer, Bari or Schilluk. In addition to these Nilo-Saharan languages, there are also Ubangi languages ​​such as the Azande language.

Religions in South Sudan

In contrast to Sudan, mainly Christians live in South Sudan. This Christianity is often associated with ancient African beliefs. There are mostly Catholics and Anglicans, with Anglicans increasing.