South Sudan Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Where is South Sudan located? South Sudan is a country located in Central Africa. As of 2023, the latest population of South Sudan is 10,561,244, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Bordering Countries of South Sudan

According to abbreviationfinder, South Sudan is bordered by six countries, including Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Central African Republic (CAR) and Sudan. Each of these countries offers unique experiences that are sure to captivate visitors.

Ethiopia is located to the east of South Sudan and is known for its breathtaking landscapes such as the Simien Mountains National Park where you can explore lush forests and deep valleys as well as an array of wildlife. Additionally, visitors can explore ancient cities like Lalibela or Aksum which feature stunning rock-hewn churches and intricate architecture. Other highlights include vibrant markets in Harar or Dire Dawa, hot springs in Langano or Awassa as well as many other attractions throughout Ethiopia.

Kenya is located to the southeast of South Sudan and offers an array of attractions from stunning wildlife such as elephants, lions, giraffes and rhinos at Masai Mara National Reserve or Amboseli National Park to beaches along its coastline such as Diani Beach or Watamu Beach. Additionally, visitors can explore vibrant cities like Nairobi with its bustling markets and nightlife or Mombasa with its old town district known for its intricate architecture. Other highlights include hot springs at Lake Bogoria National Reserve or Lake Turkana National Park where visitors can find interesting wildlife such as flamingos.

Uganda lies just west of South Sudan and features an array of attractions from stunning national parks like Queen Elizabeth National Park where you can explore lush forests filled with a variety of wildlife including chimpanzees and lions to vibrant cities like Kampala which offer many cultural attractions such as art galleries and museums among other highlights. Additionally, visitors can explore rural areas such as Ankole Region which are home to traditional villages that offer a glimpse into local life in Uganda.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) borders South Sudan along its northern side offering visitors a chance to explore diverse landscapes from rainforests filled with exotic wildlife including gorillas at Virunga National Park to savannahs at Salonga National Park among other attractions throughout the country. Additionally, visitors can explore vibrant cities like Kinshasa which features bustling markets along with art galleries and museums among other cultural attractions while Goma offers breathtaking views from nearby volcanoes among other highlights in this region.

The Central African Republic (CAR) borders South Sudan on its western side offering an array of attractions ranging from national parks such as Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park where you can spot rare species including giant eland antelope to vibrant cities like Bangui which offer many cultural attractions including art galleries and museums among other highlights throughout CAR.

Finally, Sudan borders South Sudan on its eastern side featuring an array of attractions from desert landscapes at Wadi Halfa where you can spot wild donkeys roaming near sand dunes to vibrant cities like Khartoum which offer many cultural experiences including art galleries and museums among other things throughout this region.

South Sudan National Flag

Population Distribution

Total population 10,561,244
Population growth rate 2.70%
Birth rate 35.50 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy
Men life expectancy
Women life expectancy
Age structure
0-14 years 42.30%
15-64 years 55.21%
65 years and above 2.49%
Median age 17.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female)
Population density 16.39 residents per km²
approx. 200 ethnic groups, mainly Nilotic peoples (including 35.8% Dinka, 15.6% Nuer, Schilluk, Azande, Toposa, Bari)
Animists, Christians
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.413
HDI ranking 186th out of 194

People in South Sudan

22 out of 100 people in the former Sudan now live in South Sudan. It is now assumed that there are more than eleven million residents.

Many people in South Sudan can neither read nor write, many do not get enough to eat and so more than a quarter are malnourished, some even speak a third of the population. South Sudan is one of the poorest developing countries in all of Africa.

In contrast to Sudan, where the majority of the population is Arab, the majority of South Sudan’s population are black Africans. There are two major ethnic groups in South Sudan. These are the Dinka and the Nuer. 35 out of 100 residents are Dinka, 15 out of 100 are Nuer. Both peoples belong to the Nilots who speak a Nilotic language. But both groups are fighting over political leadership in the country and fighting each other fiercely again and again.

Languages in South Sudan

English is the official language in South Sudan. However, many people still speak Arabic here. There are also many other languages ​​of the individual ethnic groups. Dinka speak their own language just like Nuer, Bari or Schilluk. In addition to these Nilo-Saharan languages, there are also Ubangi languages ​​such as the Azande language.

Religions in South Sudan

In contrast to Sudan, mainly Christians live in South Sudan. This Christianity is often associated with ancient African beliefs. There are mostly Catholics and Anglicans, with Anglicans increasing.