Solomon Islands Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Solomon Islands Country Overview

Where is Solomon Islands located? The archipelago of the Solomon Islands, or Solomon Islands, is located in the Southwest Pacific near New Guinea. According to the time zone map, the world time zone in which the Solomon Islands are located is called “Solomon Islands Time”. There is a general time shift of +11 hours to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This standard difference does not change in daylight saving time, since a time changeover to daylight saving time is not common.

Solomon Islands National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Solomon Islands is 685,097, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 685,097
Population growth rate 1.84%
Birth rate 24.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 74.66 years
Men life expectancy 72.05 years
Women life expectancy 77.39 years
Age structure
0-14 years 34.05%
15-64 years 61.61%
65 years and above 4.34%
Median age 21.90 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.04
Population density 23.71 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 16.50%
95% Melanesians, 3% Polynesians, 1% Micronesians; also Europeans and Chinese
Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 19%, South Seas Evangelical 17% Seventh-day Adventists 11.2% Uniate Church 10.3% Christian Fellowship Church 2.4% Members of other Christian denominations 4.4% Members of other religions 2.4% not specified 0.3% non-denominational 0.2% [1999 census]
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.557
HDI ranking 153rd out of 194

People in Solomon Islands

Most of the people in the Solomon Islands are Melanesians, plus a few Polynesians and one in 100 residents has ancestors from Micronesia. A few immigrants come from China, India, Australia or Europe. Two thirds of them live on the larger islands of the Solomon Islands, namely on Guadalcanal, New Georgia and Malaita.

Languages in Solomon Islands

The official language is English, but very few people actually speak English as their first language. So-called pidgin English is widely used. There are also many other dialects from Melanesia and Polynesia. The language density in the Solomon Islands is very high. Only 62 out of 100 people in the Solomon Islands can read and write.

Incidentally, it is said that the Solomon Islands has the highest malaria rate in the world and one in three residents gets malaria every year. Dengue fever has also been spreading more and more on the Solomon Islands for several years.

Religions in Solomon Islands

20 out of 100 people are Catholics. Then there is a large proportion of Anglicans, followed by Adventists and Methodists. There are also other smaller religious groups.