Slovenia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Slovenia Country Overview

Where is Slovenia located? The Republic of Slovenia is located in Central Europe and joined the European Union in 2004. Thanks to its location on the time zone map, Slovenia is in a world time zone called “Central European Time”. In this time zone there is a time difference of +1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). In the summer months, the difference to the world clock increases even more, then there is a time difference of +2 hours, since the clocks are set one hour ahead for summer time.

Slovenia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Slovenia is 2,102,678, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 2,102,678
Population growth rate 0.01%
Birth rate 8.20 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.66 years
Men life expectancy 74.02 years
Women life expectancy 81.53 years
Age structure
0-14 years 14.80%
15-64 years 65.07%
65 years and above 20.14%
Median age 43.80 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 103.72 residents per km²
Urbanization 50.80%
83.1% Slovenes, 2.0% Serbs, 1.8% Croats, 1.1% Bosniaks, 0.3% Hungarians, 0.3% Albanians and others; Proportion of foreigners in 2015: 4.9%
Catholics 70.8%; Atheists 4.3%; Lutherans 1%, Muslims 1%; Others 22.9%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.902
HDI ranking 24th out of 194

People in Slovenia

Two million people live in Slovenia today and the country is sparsely populated. Slovenia does not know the problem of minorities like in Serbia and Croatia. 83 out of 100 people who live there are Slovenes. There are also Croatians, Serbs, Hungarians, Bosnians, Montenegrins, Albanians, Italians and the Roma, who, however, only make up a very small proportion of the total population. Around half of the people in Slovenia live in cities. The population in Slovenia is growing little, there are many old people in the country.

Languages in Slovenia

Most people in Slovenia speak Slovenian. Slovenian is a Slavic language. For a long time this language was regarded as the language of the common people, namely the peasants and the workers. The people who considered themselves educated spoke Italian, German, or Hungarian. As a result, Slovene was rarely used as a uniform language.

The diacritic marks are typical of Slovenian. These are small dots or lines, but they can also be ticks or arcs that require a specific pronunciation. For example, a Š like “tsch” is pronounced.

Religions in Slovenia

Most of the people in Slovenia are Roman Catholic, there are some Protestants and Serbian Orthodox believers. But there are also Muslims, Jews and other small religious communities. The proportion of Catholics in Slovenia is decreasing and many people are Catholics on paper but no longer attend churches.

Most of the Muslims in Slovenia are immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Slovenia, religion and state are separate from each other. For example, there are no religious symbols in state institutions and no religious instruction in schools.