Saint Lucia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Saint Lucia Country Overview

Where is Saint Lucia located? The independent island nation of St. Lucia, or Saint Lucia, can be found in the Caribbean. St. Lucia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Saint Lucia is located in the time zone “Atlantic Standard Time” and accordingly has a time difference of 4 hours to the coordinated world time (UTC-4). This can be seen on the time zone map. The standard difference in this world time zone stays the same all year round, as there is no changeover to daylight saving time in Saint Lucia.

Saint Lucia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Saint Lucia is 166,487, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 166,487
Population growth rate 0.29%
Birth rate 13.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.22 years
Men life expectancy 74.52 years
Women life expectancy 80.08 years
Age structure
0-14 years 19.77%
15-64 years 68.13%
65 years and above 12.11%
Median age 33.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 270.27 residents per km²
Urbanization 30.50%
96% African and Euro-African, 3% Indian, 1% European descent
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 67.5%, Seventh-day Adventists 8.5% followers of the Pentecostal movement 5.7% Anglicans 2%, Evangelicals 2% members of other Christian denominations 5.1% Rastafarian 2.1% members of other religions 7%, not specified 1.5% non-denominational 4.5% [2001 census]
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.745
HDI ranking 89th out of 194

People in Saint Lucia

During the colonial period, first the French and then the English brought many slaves from Africa to St. Lucia and the other Caribbean islands. Most of the people who live here today are their descendants.

A minority of around 2 percent are of Indian descent. They are descendants of Indians who the British brought into the country as workers after slavery was abolished and they urgently needed people to work on the plantations.

There are also a few island Caribs, the native residents of the island. Their share is 0.6 percent, that is just under 1000 people.

Only 19 percent of the population live in urban areas, the rest in rural areas. Castries is the only slightly larger city. About 70 percent of the Lucians are Catholics and 17 percent belong to a Protestant church. 2 percent belong to the Rastafarian movement (see Jamaica). Every woman has an average of almost two children (1.9; ours 1.4). Many Lucians emigrate.

Languages in Saint Lucia

The official language in St. Lucia is English. So newspapers and television are in English, as are forms and everything official and also the lessons in school. However, almost all Lucians (95 percent) also speak Antilles Creole.

This Creole language is also called Patois (Patwa). It is based on the French. Examples of words are: Guten Tag means bonjour in French, bózu in Antilles Creole, danke means merci and mèsi in Antilles Creole. The similarity is easy to see.