Qatar Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Qatar Country Overview

Where is Qatar located? The State of Qatar is an Arab Emirate and is located in the north of the Arabian Peninsula, which can be found on the Persian Gulf. The time zone in which Qatar is located can be found on the time zone map. It is called “Arabia Standard Time” and is a standard time offset of 3 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+3). This standard difference stays the same throughout the year as it is not common in Qatar to switch to Daylight Saving Time.

Qatar National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Qatar is 2,444,174, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 2,444,174
Population growth rate 1.55%
Birth rate 9.60 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 78.24 years
Men 76.27 years
Women 80.25 years
Age structure
0-14 years 12.70%
15-64 years 86.23%
65 years and above 1.06%
Median age 32.80 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 3.29
Population density 210.96 residents per km²
Urbanization 92.00%
approx. 45% Arabs (including 20% ​​Qatar), 34% Indians and Pakistanis, 16% Iranians, 5% others
Muslim 95%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.848
HDI ranking 41st out of 194

People in Qatar

The population of Qatar is around two million. But only one in seven of them is a Qatari citizen. A large part of the population is one of the numerous guest workers from India, Pakistan or Nepal. Many people in Qatar are still very young: 22 out of 100 people are under 15 years of age. In Qatar, people live on average around 74 years old, which is quite an old age compared to many other countries. This is mainly due to the good and free medical care. Qatar also has a very good social system and compulsory schooling for children, so an average of 90 people out of 100 can read and write.

Languages in Qatar

The official language in Qatar is Arabic. After trade with other countries increased and many tourists came to Qatar, both English and Persian are now considered commercial languages. The large number of migrant workers from India have introduced Indo-Aryan languages ​​like Urdu into Qatar.

Religions in Qatar

The state religion in Qatar is Sunni Islam, to which most Qataris profess. Many of them belong to strictly Islamic Wahhabism. Although women are mostly veiled in black on the streets, everyday life in Qatar is not as strictly Islamic as in Saudi Arabia, for example. Many people who live in Qatar also have a different belief. For example, there are many Muslims who profess the Shiite faith. Due to the many guest workers from India, many Hindus live in the country and Judaism and Christianity are also represented in Qatar.