Philippines Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Philippines Country Overview

Where is Philippines located? The Philippines is a country and an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean. They belong to Southeast Asia. In this world time zone, which is called “Philippine Time”, there is a time difference of 8 hours to the coordinated world time. This means that clocks in the Philippines are 8 hours later than world clocks (UTC+8). This difference remains throughout the year as there is no changeover to daylight saving time.

Philippines National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Philippines is 109,180,815, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 109,180,815
Population growth rate 1.52%
Birth rate 23.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 72.21 years
Men life expectancy 69.26 years
Women life expectancy 75.31 years
Age structure
0-14 years 33.07%
15-64 years 62.32%
65 years and above 4.61%
Median age 23.20 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.00
Population density 363.94 residents per km²
Urbanization 61.00%
40% Young Malay (Bisayas, Tagalen, Bicol, Ilokano), 30% Indonesian and Polynesian, 10% Old Malay (Igoroten and others) and Negritos (Aëta), 10% Chinese, 5% Indian
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 83%, Protestants 9%, Muslims 5%, Buddhists and other 3%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.712
HDI ranking 106th out of 194

People in Philippines

More than 110 million people live in the Philippines. That is 27 million more than in Germany and the population continues to grow, much faster than here. The residents are called Filipinos.

More young than old Filipinos

35 percent of Filipinos are younger than 14 years. There are many more children in the Philippines than here. It’s not just because Filipinos are so kid-friendly. Children also serve as a pension for the parents here. In countries where there are no state pensions, people depend on someone to look after them in old age. That is why there are six children in the average Filipino family. Families with ten children are not uncommon. Imagine if you still had nine siblings, something would definitely be going on at home!

Are the people there poor?

Poverty is distributed differently across the Philippines. Poverty in rural areas is more pronounced than in the city. The poorest province is in the Muslim part of the Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, ARMM). The poverty in this region is one of the reasons why the peace negotiations between the government and the Muslim insurgents have not yet been successful. You can read more about this in the history and politics of the Philippines.

Work abroad

Many Filipinos and Filipinas go abroad to find work. The men very often work on ships and the women as caregivers all over the world. Because of her often very good English skills, which go far beyond the knowledge of other Asian countries, her workforce is very popular. But that doesn’t mean that they are rewarded accordingly everywhere. Many of these people, who then also feed their poor families at home, are exploited.

The sea feeds the people

Many Filipinos live from the sea, which is not surprising given the location of the country: The Philippines consist of more than 7000 islands. On the one hand they live from fishing, on the other hand there are also many who earn their living with small ferry boats. They take people from island to island. These boats are called bancas.

Languages in Philippines

170 languages ​​are spoken in the Philippines, the most common language being Filipino. Many people in the cities also speak English, which is another official language in the Philippines. By the way, it used to be Spanish, now hardly anyone speaks it anymore. 44 out of 100 residents live in cities, but most of them live in rural areas.

Religions in Philippines

83 percent of the Filipino population are Catholic Christians. 10 percent are Protestant Christians, four percent Muslim and the rest have no religion or any other religion.