Namibia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Namibia Country Overview

Where is Namibia located? The state of Namibia is located in southern Africa. The sparse population of this state is probably also due to the large Namib Desert, to which the state of Namibia owes its name. The time zone map, which divides the world into world time zones along the lines of longitude, indicates that Namibia is in a time zone called “West Africa Time”. There is a standard difference of 1 hour from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+1). Namibia is one of the few countries in Africa to change the time to daylight saving time. In the summer months there (early September to early April), the time is put forward one hour.

Namibia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Namibia is 2,630,073, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 2,630,073
Population growth rate 1.86%
Birth rate 27.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 52.03 years
Men life expectancy 52.36 years
Women life expectancy 51.69 years
Age structure
0-14 years 36.54%
15-64 years 59.54%
65 years and above 3.93%
Median age 23.10 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.02
Population density 3.19 residents per km²
Urbanization 32.40%
especially Bantu peoples: 47% Ovambo, 9% Kavango, 7% Herero, 7% Damara, 5% Nama, 4% Caprivians; 6% whiteness; approx. 35,000 san; approx. 32,000 Rehoboth Basters; approx. 20,000 residents are of German descent
Christians 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutherans), indigenous religions 10% to 20%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.645
HDI ranking 130th out of 194

People in Namibia

Almost 2.5 million people live in Namibia. The country is one of the most sparsely populated in the world. The residents belong to many different peoples. The original population of the country includes the San, Nama and Damara. San and Nama also look similar outwardly and speak a click language. The Damara have a similar language.

From the 14th century, the Bantu peoples moved south from East Africa and came here to Namibia. Bantu peoples make up the majority in the country today. The largest group are the Ovambo. They make up about half of the population. Kavango (9 percent of the population) and Herero (7 percent of the population) also speak a Bantu language.

Six out of 100 residents are white. Their ancestors are Boers, English, Portuguese or German. Although there are proportionally far fewer whites than blacks in the country, most of the land is owned by whites, who are mostly the owners of the farms. Only a small part, namely 12 percent, belongs to the black farmers, the rest of the farmland is in the hands of white landowners. The mines and many tourist companies are also in the hands of the white population.

Finally, there are people of mixed origins. They are referred to here as colored. They have black and white parents or ancestors. They also make up about 6 percent of the population.

Around half of the population lives in a city. Most of the people live in the north of the country. 300,000 people live in the capital Windhoek alone. The south is only sparsely populated and the Namib desert on the coast has hardly any residents.

The San

The San Bushmen, the earliest residents of Namibia, are the oldest people in the world. That’s what scientists found out. They were able to adapt perfectly to the harsh living conditions and thus survive. From Africa they then spread all over the world. They are direct descendants of Homo sapiens. Just a few decades ago, the San lived exactly as they had before. They were the perfect survivors.

Languages in Namibia

Because so many peoples live in Namibia, many languages ​​are spoken there. The Bantu peoples have their Bantu languages. The most widespread is Oshivambo, the language of the Ovambo people.

The San, Nama and Damara speak a click language that is noticeable through their clicks and clicks. The Coloreds speak Afrikaans, which is very similar to Dutch. English is mainly used for communication. German is also spoken, especially on some farms.