Myanmar Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Where is Myanmar located? Myanmar is a country located in Southeastern Asia. As of 2023, the latest population of Burma is 56,590,071, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Myanmar National Flag

Population Distribution

Total population 56,590,071
Population growth rate 0.85%
Birth rate 18.10 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 65.60 years
Men 63.24 years
Women 68.09 years
Age structure
0-14 years 26.56%
15-64 years 67.77%
65 years and above 5.67%
Median age 28.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.99
Population density 83.64 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 29.40%
69% Bamar (Burmese), 8.5% Shan, 6.3% Karen, 4.5%”>Rohingya (, 2.4% Mon, 2.2% Chin, 1.4% Kachin and others; 1-2% Chinese, 1% Indian
Buddhists 89%, Christians 4% (Baptists 3%, Roman Catholic Catholics 1%), Muslims 4%, Animists 1%, Others 2%

People in Burma

Around 54 million people live in Myanmar. Many peoples live in Myanmar. The majority – 68 out of 100 – are Burmese. Then there are a number of ethnic minorities. These include the Shan with nine, Karen with seven, Rakhine with four, Chin with three, Mon with two and Indians with two out of 100.

The Burmese live in the center of the country, i.e. in the basin enclosed by the mountains (compare country and climate). They also hold power in Myanmar. The remaining ethnic groups mostly live in the much more difficult to access mountain regions in the east or west of the country.

Most of the Burmese live in seven regions in the center of the country, the minorities live in the seven states in the peripheral areas or in the mountainous regions. This division of administration is still a consequence of the colonial times. For a long time – from 1885 to 1948 – the British ruled Burma, which was part of British India.

A large proportion of the people live in the countryside, 75 out of 100. They live in the plains of Central and Lower Myanmar. The official language is Burmese; English is also spoken in the larger cities and is an important language for trade.


This diversity of peoples has not always made it easy. There were many fights and arguments with the various ethnic groups.

Languages in Burma


Religions in Burma

Most of the people are Buddhists, 89 out of 100 follow the Buddhist faith, which also shapes the country with its pagodas and monasteries. Only four out of 100 profess Islam or Christianity. Only one in 100 follows the Hindu belief.

Buddhism shapes the country

Buddhism is visible all over the country. The golden pagodas in particular shape the country. They are not decorated with real gold, but with gold leaf, which does not detract from their splendor. At the same time, there are huge statues of Buddha everywhere that are venerated by the faithful.