Morocco Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Morocco Country Overview

Where is Morocco located? The Kingdom of Morocco is located in northwest Africa. It is one of the Maghreb countries and borders the Mediterranean Sea. The Strait of Gibraltar separates Morocco from Europe.

Bordering Countries of Morocco

According to abbreviationfinder, Morocco is a country located in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Algeria to the east. Morocco is a diverse country that offers something for everyone. To the north of Morocco lies Spain, an exciting country known for its vibrant culture, stunning architecture, and delicious cuisine. Here visitors can explore cities such as Madrid or Barcelona and take part in thrilling activities such as skiing in the Pyrenees Mountains or sailing on one of its many beautiful beaches.

To the east lies Algeria, a fascinating country known for its rich history and vibrant culture. Here visitors can explore cities such as Algiers or Constantine and take part in exciting outdoor activities such as hiking through the breathtaking Atlas Mountains or exploring Sahara Desert oases.

To the south lies Mauritania, a stunning desert country known for its picturesque sand dunes and ancient cities. Here visitors can explore cities such as Nouakchott or Chinguetti and take part in thrilling outdoor activities such as camel riding or sand boarding.

To the southeast lies Mali, an enchanting landlocked nation known for its diverse cultures and vibrant music scene. Here visitors can explore bustling cities such as Bamako or Timbuktu or take part in exciting outdoor activities such as rock climbing near Bandiagara Escarpment or exploring traditional villages along The Niger River.

Finally, to the west lies The Atlantic Ocean with its crystal clear waters perfect for surfing adventures. Overall, Morocco borders five countries that offer something special for travelers looking to explore this part of Africa further than just Morocco itself. From Spain’s vibrant culture to Algeria’s rich history – there are plenty of opportunities for exploration in these bordering countries. Whether it’s Mauritania’s picturesque sand dunes or Mali’s enchanting music scene – there are plenty of ways to experience this part of Africa.

Morocco National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Morocco is 35,561,654, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 35,561,654
Population growth rate 0.96%
Birth rate 17.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 76.31 years
Men 73.25 years
Women 79.53 years
Age structure
0-14 years 25.47%
15-64 years 67.57%
65 years and above 6.95%
Median age 28.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.97
Population density 79.64 residents per km²
Urbanization 57.50%
approx. 60% Moroccans of Arab origin, 30-40% Berbers; approx. 60,000 foreigners (mainly French, Spaniards, Italians, Tunisians and Algerians)
Muslims 98.7%, Christians 1.1%, Jews 0.2%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.676
HDI ranking 121st out of 194

People in Morocco

36 million people live in Morocco: the Moroccans. Most of the population lives in the north and northwest, where the climate is most pleasant. The dry or cool mountains are far more inhospitable, as are the desert areas of the east. 62 percent of the population live in cities, 38 percent in rural areas.

Berbers and Arabs

80 percent of Moroccans are Berbers, 20 percent are Arabs. Arabs live more in the north of the country, Berbers more in the middle of the country and in the south. Their ancestral areas are the plateaus and the Middle Atlas.

The Berber people live mainly in Morocco and Algeria, but also in Tunisia, Mauritania and other countries. North Africa is their area of ​​origin. Their people are divided into several tribes. In Morocco, for example, the Rifkabylen live near the city of Tangier and on the Rif Mountains, and the Schlöh in the High Atlas and Anti-Atlas. From the 7th century onwards, Arabs advanced west and Islamized the Berbers. That is, they forced their religion, Islam, on them. Some Berbers also adopted the Arabic language.

Languages in Morocco

There are two official languages ​​in Morocco: Arabic and Tamazight. 90 percent of the population speak Arabic, the dialect of Moroccan Arabic. So Berbers mostly speak Arabic as well.

However, some Berbers have retained their Berber language or are bilingual. There are mainly three Berber languages spoken in Morocco: Tirifit in the north, Tamazight in the middle and Taschelhit in the south. Tamazight has been recognized as the official language.

Many residents also speak French. Through the colonial era it has been preserved as a language in trade and education.

Arabic is written in Arabic script. You read them from right to left. Berber languages ​​can be written in Arabic script, in Latin letters or in Tifinagh, which is the script of the Tuareg (a Berber tribe in the Sahara).

Religions in Morocco

Almost all residents belong to Islam (99 percent). Only 1 percent are Christians. Many Berbers, although they are Muslim, have retained their belief in natural forces and ancient myths.