Montenegro Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Montenegro Country Overview

Where is Montenegro located? The Republic of Montenegro is located in south-eastern Europe, on the Adriatic coast. In 2006 the Republic of Yugoslavia became independent. Today Montenegro is a member of the UN and the OSCE. Accession to the EU and NATO could soon follow. The Central European time zone applies in Montenegro, which can be clearly seen on the time zone map. In the “Central European Time” there is a standard difference of +1 hour to the coordinated world time (UTC). In the summer months, this time difference increases to +2 hours, since the clock is then put forward one hour for summer time.

Montenegro National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Montenegro is 609,859, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 609,859
Population growth rate -0.37%
Birth rate 10.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Age structure
0-14 years 18.22%
15-64 years 66.68%
65 years and above 15.09%
Median age 39.70 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.99
Population density 44.15 residents per km²
Montenegrins – last census 2011: 620,029 residents – 45% Montenegrins, 29% Serbs, 9% Bosniaks, 5% Albanians
Orthodox 72.1%, Muslim 19.1%, Catholics 3.4%, atheists 1.2%, others 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2011)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.816
HDI ranking 52nd out of 194

People in Montenegro

A multi-ethnic country

Together with the republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Montenegro formed the state of Yugoslavia for 90 years. Of course, people have moved within this state. Therefore it is somehow logical that many different ethnic groups from the former Yugoslavia live in Montenegro today. Montenegro is therefore called multi-ethnic. Which ethnic groups are they now?

Who exactly lives in Montenegro now?

You can roughly say that almost half of the people in Montenegro, 45 out of 100, are Montenegrins. About 29 belong to the Serbs, the largest ethnic group after the Montenegrins.

About nine people in 100 are Bosniaks and five in 100 are Albanians. Other minorities are the Roma and the Croats. These numbers come from a 2011 survey.

Languages in Montenegro

The official languages ​​are as diverse as the ethnic groups in the country. In addition to Montenegrin, there is also Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian in some regions. With the exception of Albanian, these are all Slavic languages, which are also summarized as Serbo-Croatian. They are viewed as a language by linguists.

Montenegrin can be written in both Cyrillic and Latin script – those are the letters that you also use and read here.

Religions in Montenegro

Out of 100 people around 72 belong to the Serbian Orthodox Church. 16 out of 100 people also profess Sunni Islam. There are also Catholics and a few Protestants living in Montenegro. There is also a very small Jewish community in the country.