Liechtenstein Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Liechtenstein Country Overview

Where is Liechtenstein located? Liechtenstein, or officially the Principality of Liechtenstein, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. On the time zone map, Liechtenstein is located in a world time zone called “Central European Time” (CET) or “Middle European Time” (MEZ). In this time zone there is a time difference of one hour to the coordinated world time (UTC+1). In the summer, the clock is put forward one hour to daylight saving time.

Liechtenstein National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Liechtenstein is 39,137, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 39,137
Population growth rate 0.75%
Birth rate 10.40 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 81.59 years
Men 79.45 years
Women 84.29 years
Age structure
0-14 years 15.23%
15-64 years 66.85%
65 years and above 17.91%
Median age 42.70 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.98
Population density 244.61 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 21.60%
66% Liechtenstein citizens; Proportion of foreigners in 2015: 33.7% (mainly Swiss, Austrians, Germans, Italians)
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 76.2%, Protestants 7%, unknown 10.6%, others 6.2 (June 2002)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.917
HDI ranking 18th out of 194

People in Liechtenstein

37,000 people live in Liechtenstein. 66 out of 100 Liechtensteiners come directly from Liechtenstein, they were also born here. 20 out of 100 come from neighboring countries, where German is also spoken, and three out of 100 from Italy. There are also a few other states. In any case, the population in the small country is quite mixed. So you can count 90 different nations.

Most of the people live in the Rhine valley. The places are called Balzers, Triesen, Vaduz and Schaan. Many people work in industry and in the service sector such as tourism and the financial sector.

Incidentally, no more children have been born in Liechtenstein since 2014, at least not in hospital, because mothers have to go abroad to have a hospital birth, as there is no longer a maternity ward in Liechtenstein itself.

Languages in Liechtenstein

German is spoken in Liechtenstein and German is also the only official language in the whole country. But the people in Liechtenstein speak different dialects, most of which come from Alemannic.

Religions in Liechtenstein

The Roman Catholic Church is a national church, but state and religion are separate. Young people aged 14 and over in Liechtenstein can decide for themselves which religion they want to belong to. And they don’t even have to ask their parents about it. 76 out of 100 Liechtensteiners are Catholic, eight Protestant and six Muslim.