Libya Country Overview
Where is Libya located? The state of Libya is located in North Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. Libya is the most developed country in Africa. On the time zone map you can see that Libya, despite its geographical distance, is in the same world time zone as most Eastern European countries. This is because the division into time zones occurs along lines of longitude. The “Eastern European Time” (EET), in which Libya is located, has a standard difference of 2 hours to the coordinated world time (UTC+2). As in most African countries, there is no changeover to daylight saving time in summer.
As of 2023, the latest population of Libya is 6,890,535, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||1.94%|
|Birth rate||17.50 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||4.43%|
|Median age||28.00 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.08|
|Population density||3.92 residents per km²|
|Libyans – last census 2006: 5,657,692 people – Arabs; Minorities of Berbers (Tuareg, Nilosaharans etc.), Egyptians, black Africans|
|Muslims (Sunnis) 97%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.708|
|HDI ranking||110th out of 194|
People in Libya
Although Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, only a little over six million people live here. The population density is actually the third smallest in Africa after Namibia and Botswana. Most Libyans live on the coast. Only there are bigger cities. The population is very young: 33 percent are under 14 years old (in Germany: 13 percent).
Arabs and Berbers
Most of the Libyans are Arabs and Berbers. Many Arabs have Berber roots or are Arabized Berbers. Today only a minority of the population calls themselves Berber. Most of them live in the highlands of Jebel Nafusa in north-western Libya.
The Tuareg also belong to the Berbers. They live in the western Sahara of Libya, on the border with Algeria, partly as nomads.
The Tubu people belong to the minorities. They too are desert dwellers and live in the south, in the border area with Chad.
- Children: Every woman in Libya has an average of 2.2 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.
- Urban and rural: 80 percent of Libya’s residents live in cities. So 20 percent live in the country.
Languages in Libya
The official language in Libya is Arabic. This is standard Arabic. Most Libyans, however, speak one dialect in everyday life, Libyan Arabic. As a commercial language, you can sometimes hear Italian or English.
Minority languages are the Berber languages. Most of Libya’s Berbers live in the Nafusi Mountains and their language is called Nafusi. The Tuareg speak Tamascheq.
The Tubu in the Sahara speak Tedaga.
Religions in Libya
97 percent of the population are Muslims, so they belong to Islam. 0.7 percent are Christians, 0.3 percent Buddhists.