Liberia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Liberia Country Overview

Where is Liberia located? The Republic of Liberia, also known as Liberia, is located in western Africa. The prevailing time zone in Liberia is called “Greenwich Mean Time”. The location in this world time zone means that Liberia is located on the time zone map in a region where time has no deviation from coordinated world time (UTC+-0). In addition, there is no time shift to summer time in summer, so the time difference remains the same throughout the year.

Liberia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Liberia is 5,073,296, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 5,073,296
Population growth rate 2.71%
Birth rate 38.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 57.81 years
Men 56.20 years
Women 59.47 years
Age structure
0-14 years 43.72%
15-64 years 53.43%
65 years and above 2.85%
Median age 18.10 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.00
Population density 45.55 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 46.70%
16 ethnic groups in total: approx. 20% Kpelle, 14% Bassa, 9% Grebo, 8% Kru, 8% Gio, 7% Mandingo, 6% Loma, 5% Krahn
Indigenous religions 40%, Christians 40%, Muslims 20%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.465
HDI ranking 176th out of 194

People in Liberia

About 20 ethnic groups live in Liberia. The Kpelle make up the largest proportion with 20.3 percent of the total population. They live mainly in the center of the country. The Bassa are represented with 13.4 percent. They live mainly in the central coastal regions of Liberia. Grebo make up 10 percent, Dan 8 percent and Mano 7.9 percent. Other peoples are Loma, Krahn, Gola, Vai, Kissi and Kru.

In addition to all these peoples, there are also descendants of Afro-American origin. They are called America Liberians or Creoles. Their ancestors were brought to Liberia to settle here. They were freed slaves whose ancestors had been brought to America from West Africa. Although they were always a minority, they ruled the country until 1980 and constituted the ruling class economically, culturally and politically. It was very similar in neighboring Sierra Leone.

  • The children of Liberia: Each woman in Liberia has an average of 4.3 children. That is much. With us, each woman has an average of only 1.4 children. Children and young people in Liberia make up a large proportion of the population. Around half of the population is under 18 years old, 43 percent under 14 years old.
  • Infant mortality is 2.4 percent, child mortality 5.3 percent (as of 2018, ours: 0.2 and 0.3 percent). That means: More than 2 out of 100 newborn children die, more than 5 children out of 100 do not celebrate their first birthday.
  • Urban and rural: 52 out of 100 people in Liberia live in cities. So that’s just over half of all residents.

Languages in Liberia

The official language in Liberia is English, so classes in school are also in English. English is interspersed with numerous words from African languages. The pronunciation is also a little different. It is therefore also called Liberian English.

The many peoples of Liberia can be assigned to two language families: the Mande languages (which are mainly spoken in the west and north) and the Kwa languages (mainly in the east and south).

Religions in Liberia

85.6 percent of Liberia’s population are Christians. Muslims make up 12.2 percent. The remaining 2 percent either follow traditional religions or do not profess any religion.