Largest Cities in Reunion

Facts about Réunion

Official languages: French
Capital: Saint-Denis
Area: 2,517 km²
Population: 776,948 residents
Population density: 308.68 residents per km²
Currency: EUR
Internet TLD: .re
ISO codes: RE, REU, 638
Die The prefix for Reunion is +262

La Réunion or Réunion for short (full French name Île de la Réunion, German about “Island of Gathering”) is an island in the Indian Ocean that politically forms an overseas department and a region of France and thus belongs to the European Union. Since 1972, Réunion has gained greater independence from France through further rights. Since 1997, the island has also been a so-called région ultrapériphérique, an outermost area of ​​the European Union.

The island is located almost 800 km east of Madagascar and, along with Mauritius (200 km away) and Rodrigues, belongs to the Mascarene Islands. The island has an area of ​​2503.7 km². It is almost oval in outline and has a diameter of 50 to 70 km. This corresponds roughly to the area of ​​the Saarland.

On January 1, 2013, there were 835,103 residents on Réunion, which corresponds to a population density of 333.5 residents per km². Rapid population growth is expected over the next few decades. Réunion was uninhabited until the middle of the 17th century. In the course of French colonization, French settlers came to the island, who dragged slaves there from Madagascar, East Africa and India for the plantation industry. After the end of slavery on Réunion in 1848 cheap labor was recruited for agriculture from India, Africa and China. The descendants of the former colonial settlers and slaves form a relatively homogeneous society and are collectively called Creoles (créoles) designated. The mingling called métissage and the peaceful coexistence of all population groups are seen today as creating identity for all Réuniona travelers. The vast majority of the population professes Christianity, predominantly the Roman Catholic faith, among the residents of Indian descent there are Hindus and Muslims, among the residents of Chinese descent there are Buddhists.

The majority of the island’s population speaks a native Creole language lexically based on French, Réunion Creole. The only official language and the predominant written language is French.

The most important branch of the economy is still agriculture, especially the production of cane sugar and rum, as well as various fruits such as bananas, pineapples, lychees and vanilla. However, La Réunion is economically heavily dependent on France and the EU: imports to Réunion exceeded exports by fifteen times in 2007.

Tourism is developing slowly, but is still overshadowed by Mauritius, which has more beaches and is preferred by non-French tourists because of the more widespread English language.

Réunion wants to cover all of its energy needs by itself by 2025. The island already covers 36% of its energy needs from renewable energy sources.

Since Réunion is a French overseas department, the euro is the official currency there. Due to the location of Réunion in the time zone CET +3, the island was the first point on earth where on January 1, 2002 it was possible to officially buy with the euro.

Population

Total population
Population growth rate
Birth rate
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy
Men life expectancy
Women life expectancy
Age structure
0-14 years 30.40%
15-64 years
65 years and above 6.10%
Median age 26.72 years
Gender ratio 0.98 M / F
Population density
Urbanization 91.50%
Cities
(Saint-Denis) [Capital] (Z 1999) 158139, (Saint-Pierre) (Z 1999) 129238, (Saint-Paul) (Z 1999) 87712
Ethnicities
Because the French constitution prohibits the collection of ethnic data, only estimates are available. According to this, about 45% of the population today are mixed descendants of Malagasy and African slaves, about 25% of Indian, about 25% of European and about 3% of Chinese descent. (Source: Wikipedia.de)
Religions
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 85%, Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists (1995)
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking

 

Biggest Cities of Reunion by Population

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Saint-Denis, Reunion 137,306 -20.8823 55.4504
2 Saint-Paul, Reunion 99,418 -21.0096 55.2713
3 Saint-Pierre, Reunion 76,766 -21.3393 55.4781
4 Le Tampon, Reunion 70,097 -21.2766 55.5177
5 Saint-Andre, Reunion 48,785 -20.9633 55.6503
6 Saint-Louis, Reunion 47,992 -21.2859 55.4112
7 Le Port, Reunion 40,882 -20.9375 55.2942
8 Saint-Benoit, Reunion 35,421 -21.038 55.7155
9 Saint-Joseph, Reunion 33,805 -21.3777 55.6169
10 Sainte-Marie, Reunion 31,747 -20.8969 55.5506
11 Piton Saint-Leu, Reunion 29,389 -21.2196 55.3151
12 Saint-Leu, Reunion 28,389 -21.1706 55.2882
13 La Possession, Reunion 26,976 -20.9291 55.3348
14 Sainte-Suzanne, Reunion 20,641 -20.9062 55.6079
15 Petite-Ile, Reunion 11,072 -21.3533 55.5643
16 Bras-Panon, Reunion 10,555 -20.9967 55.6782
17 Les Avirons, Reunion 8,117 -21.2406 55.3368
18 Salazie, Reunion 7,807 -21.0271 55.5395
19 Les Trois-Bassins, Reunion 7,225 -21.1 55.3
20 Sainte-Rose, Reunion 7,146 -21.1286 55.7962
21 Cilaos, Reunion 6,336 -21.1364 55.4719
22 Entre-Deux, Reunion 5,899 -21.2333 55.4667
23 Saint-Philippe, Reunion 5,552 -21.3609 55.7679

 

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