Largest Cities in Laos

Facts about Laos

Official languages: Lao, French, English
Capital: Vientiane
Area: 236,800 km²
Population: 6.4 million residents
Population density: 26.89 residents per km²
Currency: LAK
Internet TLD: .la
ISO codes: LA, LAO , 418
The prefix for Laos is +856

Laos Flag

Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Its main artery is the Mekong, which also provides the fertile plains in the river valley.

Today’s Laos belonged to the French colony of French Indochina as the “Protectorate of Laos”. Independence from France in 1953 was followed by two decades of civil war and the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War, Laos was neutral and there was no official United States declaration of war on Laos. Nevertheless, the US armed forces bombed Laos massively, because the Ho Chi Minh Trail ran to a significant extent over Laotian territory. More bombs were dropped on Laos than on Germany and Japan combined in World War II, making Laos one of the most heavily bombed countries in the world. After the end of the Vietnam War, the communist Pathet Lao took over power through a bloodless revolution in 1975 and proclaimed on 2.

Due to serious economic problems, Laos introduced an opening and reform policy from 1986 with the aim of realizing the gradual transition from the planned to the market economy. As part of these reforms, economic liberalization was carried out and relations with foreign countries were strengthened. Political reforms are also gradually being tackled.

Biggest Cities of Laos by Population

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Vientiane, Laos 196,842 17.9667 102.6
2 Pakse, Laos 88,443 15.1202 105.799
3 Thakhek, Laos 85,111 17.4103 104.831
4 Savannakhet, Laos 66,664 16.5651 104.753
5 Luang Prabang, Laos 47,489 19.886 102.135
6 Xam Nua, Laos 39,103 20.4159 104.048
7 Muang Phonsavan, Laos 37,618 19.45 103.217
8 Vangviang, Laos 25,111 18.9235 102.448
9 Muang Xay, Laos 25,111 20.6923 101.984
10 Muang Pakxan, Laos 22,078 18.3826 103.659
11 Ban Houakhoua, Laos 15,611 20.2467 100.454
12 Muang Khong, Laos 15,111 14.1179 105.855
13 Sainyabuli, Laos 13,611 19.2576 101.71
14 Phongsali, Laos 13,611 21.6837 102.105
15 Champasak, Laos 13,105 14.892 105.878
16 Ban Houayxay, Laos 12,611 20.2765 100.413
17 Muang Phon-Hong, Laos 10,223 18.4956 102.414
18 Salavan, Laos 5,632 15.7165 106.417
19 Lamam, Laos 4,574 15.4171 106.695
20 Attapeu, Laos 4,408 14.8107 106.832
21 Luang Namtha, Laos 3,336 20.9486 101.402

Laos: Vientiane

As an important road, the Mekong also connects important cities with each other and with the capital of Laos, which is called Vientiane. 600,000 people live in the capital. This city is located in the northwest and is traversed by the Mekong. Another important city that is also a World Heritage Site is called Luang Prabang and is also located on the Mekong.

Countries neighboring Laos

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