Largest Cities in Guernsey

Facts about Guernsey

Official languages: English, French
Capital: Saint Peter Port
Area: 78 km²
Population: 65,228 residents
Population density: 836.26 people per km²
Currency: GBP
Internet TLD: .gg
ISO codes: GG, GGY, 831
The telephone code for Guernsey is + 44-1481

Guernsey (officially Bailiwick of Guernsey ; English Bailiwick of Guernsey, French Bailliage de Guernesey) is the second largest of the British Channel Islands. The Channel Islands are neither part of the United Kingdom nor a crown colony, but as crown possession (English crown dependency) directly under the British crown. They are separate legal entities and therefore not part of the European Union.

In addition to the main island of Guernsey, the bailiwick also includes the islands of Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, Burhou and other small islets.

The island has a mild, almost Mediterranean climate due to the influence of the Gulf Stream and due to its sheltered location in the Gulf of Saint-Malo. Temperatures below zero degrees Celsius are extremely rare, on the other hand, even in midsummer, seawater hardly ever reaches temperatures above 20 degrees.

The ancient name of the island was Sarmia (or sarma, armia, sarnia). Despite the difficult navigation conditions due to a tidal range of almost twelve meters, the port of St. Peter Port was an important trading center as early as Roman times.

The island is a hilly country with cliffs, especially in the south. They are particularly suitable for livestock and horticulture. Guernsey is a major tourist destination for nature and bird lovers. About a third of Guernsey’s gross national product is generated by financial service providers (banks, insurance companies, investment companies). Traditional sources of income such as tourism, mechanical engineering and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, are on the decline. Low taxes have made Guernsey popular as a tax haven.

Population

Total population 67.052
Population growth rate 0.26%
Birth rate 9.80 births per 1,000 population
Life expectancy
Overall 82.32 years
Men 79.65 years
Women 85.12 years
Age structure
0-14 years 14.51%
15-64 years 65.68%
65 years and above 19.81%
Median age 43.40 years
Gender ratio 0.98 M / F
Population density 859.64 residents per km²
Urbanization
Cities
St. Peter Port
Ethnicities
Descendants of British and Norman
Religions
Anglicans, Catholics (Roman Catholic), Pres
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking

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