Largest Cities in Alaska
Alaska is the largest state in the United States. The area is mountainous, and it houses, among other things, the highest peak in North America, Mount McKinley (Mount Denali locally) at 6194 masl.
Alaska (abbreviated Alas. or AK), the largest state in the United States, at 1,530,694 km². It has about 664,000 inhabitants and was listed as the 49th state in 1959.
Alaska includes the northwestern part of the mainland of North America. The capital is Juneau and the largest port city is Anchorage on the south coast. The area is mountainous, and it houses, among other things, the highest peak in North America, Mount McKinley (Mount Denali locally) at 6194 masl.
In the interior you will find wide river valleys. Alaska is frequently exposed to earthquakes. The climate is arctic, except on the humid south coast, where there are large coniferous forests. To the north is the tundra. The state otherwise has a rich wildlife.
Oil and natural gas extraction is an important industry, and there is a large pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to the south coast. Other important industries are mining of gold, mercury, copper and coal, forestry, the canning industry, fishing and fur farming.
Alaska was discovered in 1741 by a Russian expedition led by the Dane Vitus Bering, and the United States bought the area for $ 7.2 million in 1867. Gold discoveries made in 1896 led to large-scale immigration of gold diggers. Large military installations were built during the Second World War, and Alaska is now an important base for navies and air forces. Unofficially, the state is called The Last Frontier.