Jordan Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Jordan Country Overview

Where is Jordan located? The state of Jordan is located in the Near East and is also known as the Hashemite Kingdom. It is also counted among the Mashrek states. On the time zone map, which divides countries into world time zones along longitudes, Jordan is located in an area where there is a standard difference of 2 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time zone is called “Eastern European Time” (EET) and the time on clocks in this area is always 2 hours ahead of clocks reflecting universal time (UTC+2). In summer, there is no time shift to daylight saving time in Jordan.

Bordering Countries of Jordan

According to abbreviationfinder, Jordan is a Middle Eastern country located in the Levant region of western Asia. It is bordered by four countries: Israel, Palestine, Syria and Iraq. It has a total land boundary of 1,619 km which includes 238 km with Israel, 97 km with Palestine, 375 km with Syria and 1,009 km with Iraq.

Jordan borders Israel in its southwestern region where a line drawn between its Aqaba Governorate and Israel’s Arava Region forms their shared border. The two countries have had strong ties since 1994 when they signed a peace treaty and have since worked towards strengthening their relationship through joint initiatives such as infrastructure projects within their shared boundaries.

To Jordan’s south lies Palestine; this border is formed by a line drawn between Jordan’s Karak Governorate and Palestine’s West Bank. The two countries have had friendly relations since 1994 when they signed an agreement on economic cooperation but have since worked towards improving their ties through joint projects such as water resource management within their shared boundaries.

Jordan also shares land borders with Syria to its north; this border is formed by a line drawn between Jordan’s Mafraq Governorate and Syria’s Daraa Governorate. Despite having tense relations at times due to territorial disputes over water rights within their shared boundaries, both countries have been working together for years now on issues such as refugee aid projects within their shared borders.

Finally, Jordan shares land borders with Iraq to its east; this border is formed by a line drawn between Jordan’s Karak Governorate and Iraq’s Anbar Province. Despite having tense relations due to the presence of Islamic State militants within the area during 2014-2017, both countries have been working together for years now on issues such as trade agreements within their shared boundaries.

Jordan National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Jordan is 10,820,644, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 10,820,644
Population growth rate 1.40%
Birth rate 23.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 80.30 years
Men life expectancy 78.91 years
Women life expectancy 81.77 years
Age structure
0-14 years 34.14%
15-64 years 62.34%
65 years and above 3.51%
Median age 22.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 121.11 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 79.00%
Ethnicities
approx. 98% Arabs; Minorities of Circassians, Chechens, Dagestans, Kurds, Armenians and so-called Turkmens
Religions
Sunnis 92%, Christians 6% (mostly Greek Orthodox, but some Catholics (Greek and Roman Catholic), Syrian Orthodox, Copts, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (various Shiite and Druze population groups) (2001 est.)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.723
HDI ranking 102nd out of 194

People in Jordan

Most of the Jordanian population are Arabs. Of these, in turn, about half are of Palestinian descent. Because of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians (cf. History of Israel), many Palestinians fled to the neighboring country of Jordan, which gave them refuge.

Languages in Jordan

The national language is Arabic, although there is a special Jordanian dialect, which is very similar to Standard Arabic. Due to the good education system in Jordan, many people also speak English, which is also the language of business. Then there are the dialects of the Bedouins.

Religions in Jordan

93 out of 100 Jordanians professed Sunni Islam, which is also the country’s state religion. But there are also Christians living there. There are also Kurdish Alevis, Shiites and people of other faiths.