Hungary Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Hungary Country Overview

Where is Hungary located? Hungary is a country in Central Europe, completely surrounded by other countries and found in the Pannonian Basin. The time zone that applies there is the Central European time zone. This can also be read on the time zone map, which divides the countries into world time zones according to their location. In the Central European Time Zone, there is a standard difference of +1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). In the summer months, the time difference increases by +2 hours when the clocks are put forward one hour for daylight saving time.

Hungary National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Hungary is 9,771,827, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 9,771,827
Population growth rate -0.28%
Birth rate 9.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 75.24 years
Men life expectancy 71.50 years
Women life expectancy 79.19 years
Age structure
0-14 years 14.66%
15-64 years 65.84%
65 years and above 19.50%
Median age 41.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.91
Population density 105.04 residents per km²
Urbanization 65.10%
94% Hungary; “Nationalities”: Armenians, Bulgarians, Germans, Greeks, Croats, Poles, Roma, Romanians, Ruthenians, Serbs, Slovaks, Slovenes and Ukrainians; Proportion of foreigners 2015: 1.5%
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 67.5%, Calvinist 20%, Lutheran 5%, Atheist and Other 7.5%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.845
HDI ranking 43rd out of 194

People in Hungary

Almost 10 million people live in Hungary. 1.7 million of them live in the capital Budapest.

About 85 out of 100 Hungarians are also ethnic Hungarians, so they belong to the Hungarians. They refer to themselves as Magyars (read: Majars). The proportion of Roma in the country is quite large (3.1 percent). Roma are groups of people who speak a common language, Romani. The Roma have no land of their own, but are a minority wherever they live.

Smaller minorities in Hungary are Germans (1.3 percent), Slovaks (0.3 percent), Romanians (0.3 percent) and Croats (0.2 percent). The lack of numbers did not explain their membership in a particular ethnic group.

The Germans living in Hungary are mostly called Danube Swabians. A lot of people from Swabia emigrated to Hungary between the 17th and 19th centuries. They were recruited to settle in Hungary. However, not all Germans living in Hungary come from there, which is why one simply speaks of Hungarian Germans.

72 out of 100 Hungarians live in a city. Each woman has an average of 1.4 children. The average age is 43.6 years. The Hungarian population is declining and aging due to the low birth rate. The average life expectancy is 76.7 years (men 73; women 80.6 years).

Languages in Hungary

The official language in Hungary is Hungarian. Almost all Hungarians speak Hungarian (99.6 percent).

Hungarian is a Finnish-Ugric language. It is related to Finnish and Estonian. Several thousand years ago there was once a common original language, but then the languages ​​separated. A Finn cannot understand Hungary. The relationship between the languages ​​is particularly evident in their structure. Most of the other languages ​​spoken in Europe, however, belong to the Indo-European languages.

Hungarian is written with Latin letters. These are the ones we write with too. Every letter is always pronounced the same in Hungarian. In German, for example, the e can be pronounced differently, it is different in Hungarian. If a vowel is pronounced long, it always has an accent, for example bór. A special feature are ő and ű, both of which have a double accent, which indicates that ö and ü are spoken long. Every Hungarian word is also stressed on the first syllable.

There are combinations of two or even three letters in Hungarian, but they count as one letter. These include cs (pronounced ch), dz (pronounced ds), dzs (pronounced dsch) and gy (pronounced dj as in the French word dieu). An s is always spoken like sch and sz like ss (for example in class). So there are some differences in pronunciation from German.

Religions in Hungary

37 percent are Roman Catholic and eleven percent belong to the Evangelical Reformed Church. Two percent are Evangelical Lutheran. That makes about half of the population Christian. Very small minorities are Jehovah’s Witnesses, Baptists, Orthodox Christians or Jews. Many Hungarians are not even members of a church or did not provide any information when they were asked.