Honduras Country Overview
Where is Honduras located? The state of Honduras is located in Central America with coasts on the Caribbean and the North Pacific. Honduras is located in a world time zone of the time zone map called “Central Standard Time” (CST). The time difference to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in this time zone is 6 hours. Therefore, it is 6 hours earlier on the regional clocks than on those of the world time. In summer, due to the proximity of the equator, there is no changeover to daylight saving time.
As of 2023, the latest population of Honduras is 9,235,340, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||1.27%|
|Birth rate||22.40 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||4.41%|
|Median age||22.30 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.01|
|Population density||82.39 residents per km²|
|approx. 90% of European-indigenous descent, 7% indigenous people (especially Maya), 2% of African and African-indigenous descent (Garífuna)|
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 97%, Protestant minority|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.623|
|HDI ranking||132nd out of 194|
People in Honduras
The vast majority of Hondurans are descendants of relationships between European immigrants (especially Spaniards) and members of the indigenous peoples. 90 percent of the population belong to it. 7 percent are indigenous, 2 percent African and 1 percent European. The west of the country is much more densely populated than the east. Most of the largest cities in the country are also found here.
Indigenous people in Honduras
The largest group of indigenous people, the Lenca, live on the border with El Salvador in the southwest of the country. Around 100,000 Lenca live in Honduras. Around 4,000 members of the Chortí, descendants of the Maya from Copán, still live in the northwest.
Other indigenous peoples live in the center of the country and in the northeast of the country, the Mosquitia. They belong to several peoples: the Miskito, the Mayangna (or: Sumo) and the Paya (in their own language they call themselves Pech, the word means “people”). Miskito and Mayangna also live cross-border in Nicaragua, especially along rivers such as the Río Coco (border river to Nicaragua) or the Río Patuca. There are about 25,000 miskito in Honduras (and 100,000 in Nicaragua). About 10,000 Mayangna live in both countries. Only about 3800 people are members of the Paya.
Who are the Garifuna?
Descendants of Africans and Caribs are the Garifuna. They come from the Caribbean island of St. Vincent. Two slave ships stranded there in 1635. In 1795 the British took possession of the island and resettled the Garifuna on islands off Honduras, from where they also spread to Belize and Guatemala. In Honduras, the Garifuna live mainly in the coastal cities of the Caribbean Sea and on the islands of the Islas de la Bahía and Cayos Cochinos.
- Children: Every woman in Honduras has an average of 2 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children. So the families in Honduras are bigger than ours. A third of the population is under 14 years old – for us that is only 13 percent. The average age of the population is 24 years – in Germany it is 47 years!
- Urban and rural: More than half of Honduran residents live in cities (58 percent). But more and more people are drawn there in the hope of finding work. This is called rural exodus. So the slums grow in cities like Tegucigalpa.
Languages in Honduras
Spanish is the official language in Honduras. School lessons are therefore also held in Spanish.
The indigenous peoples have their own language. Miskito and sumo are languages spoken by the peoples of the same name. Sumo is threatened with extinction because there are hardly any speakers left. Miskito belongs to the Misumalpan language family and is easy to learn: all words are stressed on the first syllable, there is no plural, nouns have no gender (no “der, die, das”), there are only three vowels (a, i and u) and the vocabulary is small. Sounds good right? Maybe we should all learn Miskito as a foreign language…
The pitch or paya language is one of the chibcha languages. In 1993 there were only just under 1000 speakers. So this language is also threatened. There are 10 vowels and 16 consonants and two pitches in which to speak.
The Garifuna on the Caribbean coast speak their own language, which is either called Garifuna or Igñeri. Often they also speak Creole, which is a Caribbean-colored English.
Religions in Honduras
97 percent of the population are Catholics, 3 percent are Protestants.