Haiti Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Haiti Country Overview

Where is Haiti located? Haiti is an island country located in the Greater Antilles. The time zone map, which divides the world into world time zones along lines of longitude, shows that Haiti is in a time zone where clocks are always 5 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-5) clocks. The time zone in which Haiti is located is called “Eastern Standard Time” (EST) and in summer there is no time difference to daylight saving time.

Bordering Countries of Haiti

According to abbreviationfinder, Haiti is bordered by two countries in the Caribbean region: Dominican Republic to the east and Jamaica to the northwest. The total length of its land borders is 370 kilometers.

The Haiti-Dominican Republic border runs for 360 kilometers from east to west along La Altagracia Province, El Seibo Province and Independencia Province. This boundary was established in 1936 following an agreement between both countries. The Haiti-Jamaica border runs for 10 kilometers from north to south along Trelawny Parish and Westmoreland Parish. This boundary was established as part of a peace treaty signed between both countries in 1934 which ended years of conflict in this region.

Additionally, Haiti has a maritime border with Cuba which runs for 2,800 kilometers along the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. This boundary was established as part of a maritime agreement signed between both countries in 1973 which recognized the exclusive economic zones of each nation within their respective territorial waters.

Haiti National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Haiti is 11,067,777, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 11,067,777
Population growth rate 1.26%
Birth rate 23.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 62.85 years
Men 61.46 years
Women 64.25 years
Age structure
0-14 years 32.27%
15-64 years 63.53%
65 years and above 4.21%
Median age 22.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.98
Population density 398.84 residents per km²
Urbanization 37.50%
predominantly of African and African-European origin
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 80%, Protestants 16% (Baptists 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, Others 1%), no religion 1%, Others 3% (1982) note: roughly one-half of the population Also practices Voodoo
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.503
HDI ranking 169th out of 194

People in Haiti

11 million people live in Haiti. Most Haitians are of African descent. There are few whites. 60 to 95 percent are counted among the blacks, 5 to 35 percent among people with both black and white ancestors (mulattos). You don’t know the exact numbers. The distinction between blacks and mulattos has played a role time and again in Haiti’s history. The term “mulatto” is used reluctantly in German because it is considered degrading.

Many Haitians have left their country and emigrated. Most live in the USA and the Dominican Republic, and there are many Haitians in Cuba, Canada and the Bahamas. They are fleeing poverty in their country.

  • Children: Every woman in Haiti has an average of 2.5 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children. So the Haitian families are bigger than ours.
  • City and country: 57 percent of the population live in cities. That is much less than ours (75 percent).

Languages in Haiti

Two languages ​​are officially spoken in Haiti: French and Haitian. French was adopted from the colonial era. Haitian is a French-based creole language. Almost all Haitians speak it. It came about because the slaves from different areas in Africa could not communicate. They used the French of the colonial masters, but adapted it to their own pronunciation and incorporated words from their own language.

Religions in Haiti

The majority of the population is Catholic. Their share is estimated at 80 percent. The number of Protestants has been increasing for several years while that of Catholics is falling. Many believers in Haiti also practice voodoo rituals.