Guinea Country Overview
Where is Guinea located? The state of Guinea is located in West Africa. The former French colony gained independence about 50 years ago. Since the time zone map divides the countries into world time zones along the vertical lines of longitude, the same time difference applies in Guinea as in Great Britain because they are in the same time zone. This means that Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) applies in both countries. This time zone is called “Greenwich Mean Time” (GMT). In contrast to Great Britain, it is not common in Guinea because of its proximity to the equator to change the time in the summer.
As of 2023, the latest population of Guinea is 12,527,440, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||2.76%|
|Birth rate||35.10 births per 1,000 people|
|65 years and above||3.85%|
|Median age||18.80 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.00|
|Population density||50.95 residents per km²|
|39% Fulbe (Peul, Tukulör), Manding (24% Malinké; 11% Susu, Kuranko, Dialonke), 7% Kissi, 5% Kpelle and others|
|Muslims 85%, Christians 8%, indigenous religions 7%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.466|
|HDI ranking||174th out of 194|
People in Guinea
About 20 peoples live in Guinea. The Fulbe have the largest share with 40.3 percent. Mandinka are 25.8 percent of the population and Susu 11 percent. Minorities are the Kissi with 6.5 percent, the Kpelle with 4.8 percent and other small ethnic groups.
Susu live mainly on the coast, Fulbe in the middle of the country and Mandinka in the east (Upper Guinea). In the southeast, the small ethnic groups like the Kissi live in the local rainforest. 36 out of 100 people in Guinea live in the city. So the majority live in the country. However, people are always moving to the cities.
The children of Guinea
Every woman in Guinea has an average of almost five children (4.7). That is much. With us, each woman has an average of only 1.4 children. Children and young people in Guinea make up a large proportion of the population. A little more than half of the population is under 18 years of age.
Infant mortality is 3.1 percent, child mortality 6.5 percent (as of 2018, ours: 0.2 and 0.3 percent). That means: more than three out of 100 newborn children die, more than six out of 100 do not celebrate their first birthday. The numbers have been going down over the past few decades, but they’re still too high.
Languages in Guinea
The official language is French. This is a legacy from colonial times when Guinea was a French colony. Classes are taught in French, all official documents are in French and it is also the dominant language on television.
In addition, over 20 other languages are spoken in Guinea, because every people has its own language. Most of the speakers have Fulfulde, the language of the Fulbe, who also make up the largest proportion of the population. Mandinka speak Mandinka, Susu speak Susu – the peoples often have the same names as their language.
Fulfulde is written with Latin letters, supplemented by other letters such as ɲ, ɓ, ɗ or ƴ. A few examples: Mi andaani means “I don’t know”, Miŋmi ɗo means “I’m here” and whoever says Mi yiddi ñamde hunde wants something to eat (“I want to eat”).
Religions in Guinea
90 percent of the population of Guinea are Muslims, so they belong to Islam. Christians are about five percent. Another five percent follow traditional religions. They believe that their ancestors will continue to influence their lives. They venerate these ancestors and try to make them agree. They practice cults and rituals.