Georgia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Georgia Country Overview

Where is Georgia located? The state of Georgia can be found in Western Asia and is located in Transcaucasia. On the time zone map of the world, countries are divided into world time zones along the lines of longitude. The time zone that Georgia is in is called “Geogia Time” (GET). Clocks in this time zone are always 4 hours later than Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) clocks. This does not change in the summer months either, since there is no time shift to summer time.

Georgia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Georgia is 3,997,000, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 3,997,000
Population growth rate 0.05%
Birth rate 12.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 77.51 years
Men 74.17 years
Women 81.17 years
Age structure
0-14 years 18.23%
15-64 years 65.51%
65 years and above 16.27%
Median age 37.90 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.91
Population density 57.35 residents per km²
Urbanization 51.90%
Georgians (excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia). 84% Georgians, 7% Azerbaijanis, 6% Armenians, 1.5% Russians, 0.9% Ossetians and others
Georgian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 11%, Russian Orthodox 10%, Armenian Apostolic 8%, unknown 6%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.786
HDI ranking 70th out of 194

People in Georgia

3.7 million people live in Georgia. 1.1 million live in the capital Tbilisi alone. The next largest cities are Kutaisi, Batumi and Rustawi. 60 percent of the population live in cities, 40 percent in rural areas. Georgian women have an average of 1.75 children.

Georgia is a multi-ethnic state. About 26 ethnic groups are at home here. At 83 percent, however, the Georgians are by far the largest group. In the west of the country their share is 97 percent, in the east, however, only 75 percent.

The next largest groups are Azerbaijanis (6.5 percent) and Armenians (5.7 percent). The relationship can be very different in individual regions. In the Niederkartlien region, on the border with Azerbaijan, there are just as many Azerbaijanis as Georgians. On the border with Armenia, the Armenians even form a slim majority.

Minorities in Georgia are Russians, Ossetians, Abkhazians and Arameans. The proportion of many minorities, such as Russians and Ossetians, has fallen sharply since independence in 1991. Many have left the country. So Russians went back to Russia.

Languages in Georgia

Georgian is spoken in Georgia. That is the official language. Many other languages ​​are also spoken in the country. These include Azerbaijani, Armenian, Abkhazian, Ossetian and Russian.

Georgian belongs to the Caucasian languages ​​and here again to the South Caucasian language family. Georgian has its own alphabet. To write Georgian, an alphabet called Mchedruli is used. The Georgian alphabet consists of 33 letters. And this is what words look like:

საქართველო means: Skartvelo and means: Georgia.

Religions in Georgia

As early as 337, Christianity was declared the state religion in the east of what is now Georgia (then Iberia). So Christianity has a long tradition in the region. Today 75 percent of Georgians belong to the Orthodox Church in their country, the Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church.

Almost 10 percent of the population are Muslim. They live mainly in Adjara, which fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1635. The residents of the time then converted to Islam.

Minorities are Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses and members of the Armenian Apostolic Church.