Eritrea Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Eritrea Country Overview

Where is Eritrea located? The state of Eritrea is located in northeast Africa. The former Italian colony only regained its independence 50 years ago. On the time zone map, which divides countries vertically into world time zones, Eritrea is in the time zone called “East Africa Time” (EAT). There the time is always 3 hours ahead of the coordinated world time (UTC +3). In summer there is no time difference to daylight saving time.

Eritrea National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Eritrea is 6,081,196, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 6,081,196
Population growth rate 0.93%
Birth rate 29.60 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 63.19 years
Men 61.04 years
Women 65.40 years
Age structure
0-14 years 39.53%
15-64 years 56.52%
65 years and above 3.95%
Median age 19.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.98
Population density 51.71 residents per km²
Urbanization 19.90%
approx. 50% Tigrinya, 30% Tigre, 5% Afar, 5% Saho, 3% Hedareb (Beja), 2% Bilen, 2% Kunama (Bara), 2% Nara (Baria), 1% Raschaida
Muslims, Copts, Catholics (Roman Catholic), Protestants
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.434
HDI ranking 182nd out of 194

People in Eritrea

Around 6 million people live in Eritrea. The population is growing rapidly. Therefore one can only guess the exact number.

Nine ethnic groups live in Eritrea. Half of them belong to the Tigrinya people. 30 out of 100 belong to the Tigre people, whose name sounds similar, but should not be confused with the Tigrinya. Saho, Bilen, Rashaida, Kunama, Bedscha, Nera and Afar are minorities.

Languages in Eritrea

Tigrinya and Arabic are the most widely spoken languages ​​in Eritrea. Tigrinya is the language of the people of the same name. You can also say Tigrin. However, the languages ​​of all nine ethnic groups are considered to be national languages ​​with equal rights. Many people also speak English, which is primarily used as a commercial language.

Religions in Eritrea

About half of the population is Muslim and the other half Christian. Most Christians follow a special Eritrean Orthodox religion. Eritrea proves that different religions can live together without having to constantly argue.