Egypt Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Egypt Country Overview

Where is Egypt located? Egypt, also officially called the ‘Arab Republic of Egypt’, is located in northern Africa. Thus, it is also in a different time zone on the time zone map, which shows the official world time in each region. Currently, the time difference from the coordinated world clock is ( also called UTC) 2 hours. This means that Egypt is one hour ahead of Germany, which is located in the Central European zone. Egypt is one of the few countries in Africa to have the time difference to summer time in summer.

Egypt National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Egypt is 104,124,440, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 104,124,440
Population growth rate 2.28%
Birth rate 29.60 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 73.19 years
Men life expectancy 70.57 years
Women life expectancy 75.93 years
Age structure
0-14 years 33.38%
15-64 years 62.35%
65 years and above 4.28%
Median age 25.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 103.97 residents per km²
Urbanization 42.10%
99% Arabs, minority. by Nubians, Bedouins, Berbers, Beja and others
Muslims (mainly Sunnis) 94%, Copts and members of other religious communities 6%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.700
HDI ranking 116th out of 194

People in Egypt

91 percent of the population of Egypt belong to the Egyptian people. You speak arabic. But Nubians, Bedscha and Berbers also live in Egypt.

The fellahs, who are farmers and cultivate arable land, are the direct descendants of the ancient Egyptians. 60 percent of Egyptians are fellahs. The Christian Copts are also descendants of the ancient Egyptians. These live mainly in cities and primarily in Upper Egypt (that is, in the south of Egypt).

About 140,000 Nubians live in southern Egypt. They live here and in northern Sudan in their old settlement area of ​​Nubia. The Nubians are darker-skinned than the Arabs, they speak their own language that the Arab Egyptians do not understand and they have their own culture. They often live in brightly painted houses that have a vaulted roof. That way it stays cooler inside.

Few people live in the desert. There are around 70,000 in Egypt. They include members of the nomadic people of the Bedjah. They also speak their own language. They live as Bedouins in the Arabian Desert, east of the Nile. The Libyan desert, especially the Siwa oasis, is inhabited by a small minority of Berbers who speak a dialect called “Siwi”.

Most Egyptians live on the Nile River, which flows through the country from south to north. The fertile farmland of Egypt lies on the banks of the Nile. Here the landscape is lush and beautifully green. A particularly large number of people settle on the Nile delta in the north of the country. The rest of the country is criss-crossed by a dusty and very dry desert. Survival is much more difficult here. But some people also live here.

Most of the population lives in the Egyptian capital Cairo, which is also the largest city in Africa. But Alexandria and Giza are also cities with several million residents.

The population of Egypt is growing steadily, every year by 1.8 percent. This is a big problem for the country because all of these people want to be fed and find work.

Languages in Egypt

The Egyptian official language is Arabic. The Egyptians speak a certain Egyptian-Arabic dialect (Egyptian-Arabic). The Egyptian dialect differs from Standard Arabic in vocabulary and pronunciation. Standard Arabic is used in newspapers, however. The written language is thus standard Arabic.

In the south of the country, the Nubians speak Nubian. In some oases you also have your own language. French is taught as a foreign language, but English is also taught.

Religions in Egypt

Egypt is a state in which mainly Muslims live. Islam has been the Egyptian state religion since 1980. 90 out of 100 Egyptians are Muslims, namely Sunnis. But there are also Christians in the country, the Copts. About nine out of 100 Egyptians are Copts. Jews and members of the Baha’i religion are small minorities. You can find out more about the Baha’i religion on the children’s website religionen-discover.

In Egypt there are different interpretations of Islam. Some want to open up more to the West and live more freely, while others want to stick to old traditions and rules. There are always arguments between the two currents.

Who are the Copts?

Nine out of 100 Egyptians are members of Christianity. Most of these Christians are Copts. Copts are members of the Coptic Orthodox Churches. They used to speak the Coptic language, which is now only used in the church. Most of them live in the big cities of Egypt like Cairo and Alexandria.

Life is not easy for Copts in Egypt because there are repeated attacks on members of this religious community. Many Copts have left Egypt precisely because they are repeatedly the target of terrible attacks by Islamists. Islamists fight other religions and their attacks are also sometimes aimed at destinations where tourists go on vacation. On discovering religions you can find out more about the Coptic religion.