Dominican Republic Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Dominican Republic Country Overview

Where is Dominican Republic located? The Dominican Republic is an island country located on the island of Hispaniola, which lies between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. On the time zone map, the countries along the degrees of longitude are assigned to different world time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. The Dominican Republic is located in a zone where the time difference to the world clock is 4 hours. This means that it is always four hours earlier there than in regions where universal time applies (UTC -4).

Dominican Republic National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Dominican Republic is 10,499,707, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 10,499,707
Population growth rate 0.95%
Birth rate 18.40 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 77.62 years
Men 75.44 years
Women 79.88 years
Age structure
0-14 years 27.56%
15-64 years 66.51%
65 years and above 5.92%
Median age 27.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 215.73 residents per km²
Urbanization 59.30%
73% European-African, 16% European, 11% African descent
Catholics (Roman Catholic 95%) Other 5%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.745
HDI ranking 89th out of 194

People in Dominican Republic

Many of the 10 million residents have African roots, because they are at least partly descended from former slaves who were brought to America from West Africa. However, many of them also have whites or Tainos, the original residents, among their ancestors. Around 15 percent are whites with ancestors from Europe, especially from Spain.

Because the Dominican Republic is economically better off than its neighboring countries, numerous immigrants came from there. About a million people come from Haiti, half of them entered the country illegally. Other immigrants came from Jamaica and Puerto Rico.

  • Children: Every woman in the Dominican Republic has an average of 2.2 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children. So the Dominican families are a bit bigger than ours.
  • City and country: 82 percent of the population live in cities. It’s similar to ours (75 percent).

Languages in Dominican Republic

The official language in the Dominican Republic is Spanish. However, it is very different from the Spanish spoken in Spain. For example, other colonial words are used and words that come from English and are then “Spanish”, for example the English switch becomes el suiche. Immigrants from Haiti also brought with them words that have found their way into Dominican Spanish, for example marshé for market.

The pronunciation is also different. An s at the end of a word or syllable is often left out. Dos (two) is then pronounced do. Many Dominicans, especially in the capital, pronounce an r at the end of a syllable like an l. So puerta (door) becomes “puelta”. A d in the middle of a word is often left out: Helado (ice cream) is then pronounced like “ela-o”.

Another language that is spoken is the Haitian Creole language. The immigrants from Haiti bring this language into the country. It is based on the French.

Religions in Dominican Republic

The majority of the population is Catholic. However, their share has decreased. Together with Protestants, however, around 90 percent of Dominicans belong to the Christian faith.