Czech Republic Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Czech Republic Country Overview

Where is Czech Republic located? The Central European country of Czech Republic is a relatively new country that emerged from the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Because of its location, the Czech Republic is also assigned to the Central European Time Zone on the time zone map. In this world time zone there is a time shift of +1 hour to the coordinated world time (UTC). In the summer months (end of March – end of October) in the Czech Republic the clock is put forward one hour to daylight saving time.

Bordering Countries of Czech Republic

According to abbreviationfinder, the Czech Republic is a Central European country that is bordered by four other countries. To the north lies Poland, to the east Slovakia, to the south Austria, and to the west Germany. All of these countries have a rich history and culture that they share with the Czech Republic.

Poland and Slovakia are both Slavic countries with similar cultures and histories, while Austria and Germany have had a much closer relationship with each other over the years. Poland was once part of Czechoslovakia until it was split into two in 1993. It has since become an independent nation with its own unique culture and customs. Slovakia is also an independent nation that was formed after Czechoslovakia’s split in 1993. Slovakia has grown in size and influence in recent years, becoming a member of both NATO and the European Union in 2004.

Austria has had a long history with the Czech Republic, as it was once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire before being annexed by Germany during World War II. After World War II ended, Austria became an independent republic again and has since become a major political power in Europe thanks to their membership in numerous organizations such as NATO and the European Union. Finally, Germany lies to the west of Czech Republic, forming a strong bond between them due to its role as one of Europe’s most powerful nations for centuries. The two countries share many cultural similarities due to their shared Germanic heritage but also have established strong economic ties over time due to their close proximity on the continent.

Czech Republic National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Czech Republic is 10,702,498, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 10,702,498
Population growth rate 0.06%
Birth rate 9.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.56 years
Men life expectancy 74.29 years
Women life expectancy 81.01 years
Age structure
0-14 years 15.21%
15-64 years 65.37%
65 years and above 19.42%
Median age 41.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 135.70 residents per km²
Urbanization 74.30%
90.3% Czechs, 3.7% Moravians, 1.9% Slovaks, 1.2% others (Poles, Germans, Ukrainians, Roma) and others – proportion of foreigners in 2015: 4.3%
Atheists 39.8%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 39.2%, Protestants 4.6%, Orthodox 3%, others 13.4%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.891
HDI ranking 26th out of 194

People in Czech Republic

A little more than 10 million people live in the Czech Republic. Most of these people who live in the Czech Republic are Czechs, namely 90 percent, i.e. 90 out of 100 people. 3.7 percent belong to the ethnic group of the Moravians. Slovaks (with Czech citizenship) are represented with 1.9 percent. 0.1 percent said they were Silesian. The proportion of Roma is estimated at 3 percent.

Among the foreigners living in the Czech Republic, the Ukrainians and Slovaks are the largest, followed by Vietnamese, Russians, Germans and Poles.

74 out of 100 Czechs live in a city. The biggest cities are Prague, Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen. The birth rate averages 1.5 children per woman. Most Czechs live in their own house or apartment, around 60 percent.

Incidentally, the Czechs are considered to be a cheerful and happy people who are confident about the future. You love sports, especially ice hockey, and enjoy meeting friends.

Languages in Czech Republic

Czech is spoken in the Czech Republic. It is spoken by 95 percent of the population. 1.6 percent speak Slovak.

Czech is one of the Slavic languages. Czech is written using Latin letters (which we also use to write in German). Some letters can have an accent: á, é, í, ó, ú and ý. Then there is the hatschek, a tick or a roof that is open at the top, at č (ch), ď (dje), ě (je), ň (nj), ř (rsch), š (sch), ť (tje) and ž (sch). There is also the ů (uh). The Czech alphabet has a total of 31 letters.

Religions in Czech Republic

Most Czechs did not indicate a religious affiliation in the surveys. 10.4 percent belong to the Roman Catholic Church and 1.1 percent to the Protestant Church. 3.2 percent are Jehovah’s Witnesses, Buddhists, Jews or Muslims.

All the rest, around 75 percent of the population, do not profess any church. It has to do with the history of the country. Because from 1948 to 1989 what was then Czechoslovakia was under communist rule. They thought nothing of religion and belief. Communist principles and Christian faith were seen as incompatible. While in some countries such as Poland the belief was still held, many Czechs became religious. Today the Czech Republic is considered to be one of the least religious countries in Europe. Nevertheless, they like to celebrate Christmas and Easter!