Czech Republic Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Czech Republic Country Overview

Where is Czech Republic located? The Central European country of Czech Republic is a relatively new country that emerged from the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Because of its location, the Czech Republic is also assigned to the Central European Time Zone on the time zone map. In this world time zone there is a time shift of +1 hour to the coordinated world time (UTC). In the summer months (end of March – end of October) in the Czech Republic the clock is put forward one hour to daylight saving time.

Czech Republic National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Czech Republic is 10,702,498, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 10,702,498
Population growth rate 0.06%
Birth rate 9.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.56 years
Men life expectancy 74.29 years
Women life expectancy 81.01 years
Age structure
0-14 years 15.21%
15-64 years 65.37%
65 years and above 19.42%
Median age 41.30 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 135.70 residents per km²
Urbanization 74.30%
90.3% Czechs, 3.7% Moravians, 1.9% Slovaks, 1.2% others (Poles, Germans, Ukrainians, Roma) and others – proportion of foreigners in 2015: 4.3%
Atheists 39.8%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 39.2%, Protestants 4.6%, Orthodox 3%, others 13.4%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.891
HDI ranking 26th out of 194

People in Czech Republic

A little more than 10 million people live in the Czech Republic. Most of these people who live in the Czech Republic are Czechs, namely 90 percent, i.e. 90 out of 100 people. 3.7 percent belong to the ethnic group of the Moravians. Slovaks (with Czech citizenship) are represented with 1.9 percent. 0.1 percent said they were Silesian. The proportion of Roma is estimated at 3 percent.

Among the foreigners living in the Czech Republic, the Ukrainians and Slovaks are the largest, followed by Vietnamese, Russians, Germans and Poles.

74 out of 100 Czechs live in a city. The biggest cities are Prague, Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen. The birth rate averages 1.5 children per woman. Most Czechs live in their own house or apartment, around 60 percent.

Incidentally, the Czechs are considered to be a cheerful and happy people who are confident about the future. You love sports, especially ice hockey, and enjoy meeting friends.

Languages in Czech Republic

Czech is spoken in the Czech Republic. It is spoken by 95 percent of the population. 1.6 percent speak Slovak.

Czech is one of the Slavic languages. Czech is written using Latin letters (which we also use to write in German). Some letters can have an accent: á, é, í, ó, ú and ý. Then there is the hatschek, a tick or a roof that is open at the top, at č (ch), ď (dje), ě (je), ň (nj), ř (rsch), š (sch), ť (tje) and ž (sch). There is also the ů (uh). The Czech alphabet has a total of 31 letters.

Religions in Czech Republic

Most Czechs did not indicate a religious affiliation in the surveys. 10.4 percent belong to the Roman Catholic Church and 1.1 percent to the Protestant Church. 3.2 percent are Jehovah’s Witnesses, Buddhists, Jews or Muslims.

All the rest, around 75 percent of the population, do not profess any church. It has to do with the history of the country. Because from 1948 to 1989 what was then Czechoslovakia was under communist rule. They thought nothing of religion and belief. Communist principles and Christian faith were seen as incompatible. While in some countries such as Poland the belief was still held, many Czechs became religious. Today the Czech Republic is considered to be one of the least religious countries in Europe. Nevertheless, they like to celebrate Christmas and Easter!