Croatia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Croatia Country Overview

Where is Croatia located? Croatia lies between Central and Southeastern Europe. On the time zone map, however, it is in “Central European Time” (CET). This means that in Croatia the clocks have a standard difference of 1 hour to the coordinated world time. This clock Croatian clocks are ahead of the world time (UTC+1). From the end of March to the end of October in Croatia, as in many other Central European countries, the clocks are put forward by one hour. This is known as “Central European Summer Time” and the difference to Universal Time is then (UTC+2).

Croatia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Croatia is 4,227,746, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 4,227,746
Population growth rate -0.50%
Birth rate 8.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 76.20 years
Men 72.60 years
Women 80.00 years
Age structure
0-14 years 14.21%
15-64 years 65.89%
65 years and above 19.91%
Median age 42.63 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.93
Population density 74.70 residents per km²
Urbanization 59.00%
90.4% Croatians, 4.4% Serbs, 5.2% others (Bosnians and others) – proportion of foreigners 2015: 0.9%
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslims 1.3%, Protestants 0.3%, other and unknown 10.8% (2001)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.837
HDI ranking 46th out of 194

People in Croatia

Most of the people living in Croatia are Croatians: 90 out of 100. There is also a small proportion of Serbs – five in 100 – and a small proportion of Bosnians, Italians, Hungarians and Albanians. Most of the people in Croatia live in the capital Zagreb. Since Croatia used to be one of six constituent republics of Yugoslavia and people could settle in all of these republics, they mixed up. During and after the civil war, in which the republics fought for their independence, problems arose because people of other origins were no longer tolerated and in some cases were fought and ultimately driven out (see also history).

Languages in Croatia

Most of the people in Croatia speak Croatian, an Indo-European language. Croatian is similar to Serbian and Bosnian. All three languages ​​are also summarized as Serbo-Croatian, because they are very similar. Today Croatian is spoken as a mother tongue not only in Croatia, but also in Bosnia-Herzegovina and some other regions.

There are also several dialects of Croatian, which sound different depending on the region. On the coast you will also hear words borrowed from Italian, and if you go east, the Hungarian influence is also evident in the language. The influence of Serbian becomes stronger towards the south, but while Serbian uses the Cyrillic script, the Croatians use the Latin script.

The population of Croatia is growing barely to little, as the birth rate is very low. A woman in Croatia has around 1.5 children on average. That is little.

Religions in Croatia

Most of the people in Croatia are Roman Catholic. The Serbs in the country are Greek Orthodox. There are also a few Muslims and Jews living in the country.