Cape Verde Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Cape Verde Country Overview

Where is Cape Verde located? The African island nation of Cape Verde is located in the central Atlantic and consists of the Cape Verde Islands, 9 of which are inhabited. The world time zone in which Cape Verde is located is called “Cape Verde Time” and is one hour standard difference to the coordinated world time. This means that clocks there are always one hour earlier than universal time (UTC-1). In summer there is no changeover to daylight saving time on the islands of Cape Verde.

Cape Verde National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Cape Verde is 583,255, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 583,255
Population growth rate 1.28%
Birth rate 20.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall 71.28 years
Men 69.05 years
Women 73.58 years
Age structure
0-14 years 28.70%
15-64 years 66.06%
65 years and above 5.24%
Median age 24.50 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.94
Population density 144.62 residents per km²
Urbanization 55.90%
71% African-European, 28% African descent; approx. 700,000 abroad, mainly in the USA, Portugal, the Netherlands
Catholics (Roman Catholic) (mixed with indigenous religions); Protestants (mainly Church of the Nazarene)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.651
HDI ranking 126th out of 194

People in Cape Verde

The Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited until they were discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century. The Portuguese and other Europeans settled on the islands. It became a hub for slaves. The people from Europe and Africa mingled. Their descendants are called Creoles. The cultures also mingled into a new, Creole culture. They also have in common that they speak a Creole language.

Because of the poverty in the country and recurring famine, many Cape Verde residents emigrated. It is estimated that 700,000 Cape Verdeans live abroad – more than on the islands themselves.

Cape Verdeans? Yes, that’s what the residents of Cape Verde are mostly called in German. However, there are also the names Cape Verde and Cape Verdier or Cape Verdier. The Duden recommends Cape Verdeans.

Children in Cape Verde

Every woman in Cape Verde has an average of 2.2 children. That is far less than in other West African countries. Infant mortality is 1.2 percent and child mortality 1.7 percent. These numbers are also much lower than in the rest of West Africa.

Urban and countryside

66 out of 100 people in Cape Verde live in the city. As everywhere in Africa, young people in particular are drawn to the cities. They hope that they will find work there and that their chances of an education are better there.

Languages in Cape Verde

The official language in Cape Verde is still Portuguese. The islands were a Portuguese colony until 1975. However, one Creole language is spoken in Cape Verde, Cape Verde Creole.

It originated from Portuguese and the African languages ​​of the slaves. However, the Creole of the northern archipelago is very different from the Creole of the southern islands. There are even differences from island to island. However, the residents can communicate with each other, the differences are minor.

Here are a few examples: If you want to ask “What’s your name” in San Vicente, do you say: Qu ‘manêra qu’ ê bô nôm ‘? Pronounced it sounds like this: kmanera ke bo nom? In Portuguese it would be:Como e teu nome? “We’re going to the sea” means in Cape Verdean Creole: Nô tâ bá ‘pâ már. The Portuguese would say: Nós vamos para o mar. You see, it’s similar, but different.

Religions in Cape Verde

The residents of Cape Verde are predominantly Christians. Eighty percent belong to the Catholic Church, ten percent are Protestants, about half of which belong to the Nazarene Free Church.

The remaining ten percent is distributed among other churches such as the Anglican Church or religious communities such as Jehovah’s Witnesses or the Mormons (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).