Population of Bolivia 2021
As of 2021, the latest population of Bolivia is 11,639,909, based on AllCityPopulation calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||1.44%|
|Birth rate||22.00 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||68.22 years|
|Men life expectancy||65.47 years|
|Women life expectancy||71.11 years|
|65 years and above||5.43%|
|Median age||23.70 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.98|
|Population density||10.60 residents per km²|
|49% indigenous (mainly Quechua, Aimará – a total of 36 ethnic groups), 30% European-indigenous, 15% of European origin|
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 95%, Protestants (Evangelical Methodists) 5%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.703|
|HDI ranking||114th out of 194|
People in Bolivia
More than 11 million people live in Bolivia. The largest city is Santa Cruz de la Sierra with 1.4 million residents. It is located in the eastern lowlands of the country. Most people, however, live on the Altiplano, the plateau in the Andes.
68 percent of the population are joint descendants of Indians and whites, mostly Spaniards. They are also called mestizos – although the German translation “Mestizos” is perceived as degrading and is therefore rarely used. 20 percent belong to indigenous peoples. Many mestizos, however, also see themselves as belonging to an indigenous group. According to this, the proportion is even 40 percent of the population. In any case, Bolivia has one of the highest proportions of indigenous population in the population in South America. Most are Quechua (2.5 million) and Aymara (2 million). You live in the Altiplano.
Indigenous peoples in Bolivia
The next largest ethnic groups are the Chiquitanos (180,000), the Guaraní (130,000) and the Moxos (80,000). These three peoples live in the eastern lowlands. The Urus live on Lake Titicaca (at the mouth of the Desaguadero River) and in the highlands, but in Bolivia they live in the countryside and not on floating islands like in Peru. Some small Indian peoples are threatened with extinction.
5 percent of whites live in Bolivia. They also include around 40,000 Mennonites who live in twelve communities in the southeast of the country in the Santa Cruz Department. 1 percent are black, the Afro-Bolivians. They are descendants of slaves brought here from the 17th century until the abolition of slavery in 1831. They were mainly used for work in the silver mines. Most Afro-Bolivians now live in the Yungas east of La Paz. Their culture includes saya, a music and dance that developed in the 19th century and mixes elements of the Aymara and Africa.
Around 7 percent of the population live abroad. You have mainly gone to Argentina, Spain or the USA to work there.
- Children: Every woman in Bolivia has an average of 2.4 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.
- Urban and rural: 70 percent of the population of Bolivia live in cities. So 30 percent, almost a third of the population, live in rural areas.
Languages in Bolivia
Spanish is the official language in Bolivia. 60 percent of Bolivians speak it as their mother tongue. Overall, almost 90 percent of the population speak Spanish as a first or second language. 21 percent speak Quechua and 15 percent speak Aymara, making them the most widely spoken indigenous languages. A total of 36 indigenous languages are recognized in Bolivia, but some of them have already died out and are no longer spoken. The Mennonites of German descent, incidentally, speak a kind Platt German, called Plautdietsch.
Spanish in Bolivia
The Spanish spoken in Bolivia is different from the Spanish spoken in Spain. For example, while in Spain the c is usually pronounced like an English th, i.e. between the teeth (as in through), in Bolivia (and throughout Latin America) the c is pronounced like a sharp s (as in see). This is called Seseo.
There are also many regional specialties and dialects. The Spanish in the lowlands sounds different from that in the Andes.
Words from Quechua have also found their way into Bolivian Spanish. The use of the Voseo is typical for large parts of the country: One says vos instead of tu for “you”. In the eastern part of the country this is even used in writing. The verb form is then also a little different.
Religions in Bolivia
76 percent of the population are Catholics (Roman Catholic). 17 percent belong to a Protestant church. So the vast majority of Bolivians are Christians.