Belize Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Belize Country Overview

Where is Belize located? Belize is located in Central America with borders to Mexico and and Guatemala. The state is a member of the “Commonwealth of Nations”. On the time zone map, the countries along the degrees of longitude are assigned to different world time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. The time zone in which Belize is located is called “Central Standard Time”. The standard difference to world time is 6 hours. This means that the regional clocks are 6 hours behind the world clock. In summer there is no time shift to daylight saving time.

Belize National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Belize is 399,598, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 399,598
Population growth rate 1.72%
Birth rate 24.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 68.40 years
Men life expectancy 66.75 years
Women life expectancy 70.13 years
Age structure
0-14 years 33.61%
15-64 years 62.05%
65 years and above 4.35%
Median age 22.10 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.03
Population density 17.40 residents per km²
Urbanization 48.30%
34% European-indigenous, 25% African, 11% indigenous (especially Maya), 6% African-indigenous (Garifuna), 6% Chinese, 4% European, 3% Indian origin
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 62%, Protestants 30% (Anglicans 12%, Methodists 6%, Mennonites 4%, Seventh-Day Adventists 3%, Pentecostal 2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1%, other 2%), no religion 2%, Other 6% (1980)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.720
HDI ranking 103th out of 194

People in Belize

Among the residents of Belize, descendants from connections between white Europeans and indigenous peoples are the most strongly represented at 52.9 percent. They live mainly in the north and west of the country.

The second largest group are the Creoles with 25.9 percent. They are descendants of African slaves brought to Belize and English settlers. They can be black or lighter in color, and they are united by their culture and language, Belizean Creole, which developed from English with African influences.

The indigenous population only makes up 11.3 percent. They belong to the Mayaat. Three groups of Maya, each with their own language, live in Belize. In the north it is the Yucateco, in the middle and south west the Mopan and in the southeast the Kekchí (Q’eqchi ‘).

6 percent of the population belong to the Garifuna. They are the descendants of black slaves from West Africa who mixed with the residents of the Caribbean island of St. Vincent. In 1635 two slave ships ran aground there. In 1795 the British took possession of the island and relocated the Garifuna to islands off Honduras, from where they spread to Belize and Guatemala. They live in Belize mainly on the southern coast.

  • Children: Each woman in Belize has an average of 2.7 children. With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.
  • Urban and rural areas: Slightly less than half of the population (46 percent) live in cities. So 54 percent live in the country.

Languages in Belize

English is the official language in Belize. It is the only country in Latin America where English is the official language. The reason is that Belize was a British colony, even until 1981. So classes are also in English and English is used in all documents and forms. 62.9 percent of the population speaks English – so not all of them.

Almost as many people speak Spanish, 56.6 percent. 44.6 percent speak Creole as their mother tongue, namely Belizean Creole. But not only the Creoles themselves, but also many Garifuna and even Mestizos and Maya speak Creole, at least as a second language. 10.5 percent speak Maya languages. 3.2 percent, namely the Mennonites, speak German.

Religions in Belize

71.6 percent of Belizeans belong to Christianity. 40.1 percent are Catholic and 31.5 percent are Protestants. 4 percent of the Protestants are Mennonites. 15.5 percent do not belong to any church. The rest are Jehovah’s Witnesses, Buddhists, Hindus or Muslims.