Belgium Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Belgium Country Overview

Where is Belgium located? Belgium is a kingdom and is located in western Europe. Belgium forms the Benelux countries with the Netherlands and Luxembourg. On the time zone map, the countries along the degrees of longitude are assigned to different world time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. The time zone in which Belgium is located is called “Central European Time” or “Central European Time” and is 1 hour ahead of world time. In summer, the time is changed to “Central European Summer Time”. Then the time difference to the world clock is 2 hours.

Belgium National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Belgium is 11,720,716, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 11,720,716
Population growth rate 0.63%
Birth rate 11.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 79.78 years
Men life expectancy 76.62 years
Women life expectancy 83.08 years
Age structure
0-14 years 17.20%
15-64 years 64.03%
65 years and above 18.78%
Median age 41.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.96
Population density 383.93 residents per km²
Urbanization 97.20%
59% Flemings, 40% Walloons, 1% German-speaking community – proportion of foreigners in 2015: 11.6%
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 75%; Liberals 12%; Other 13%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.919
HDI ranking 17th out of 194

People in Belgium

Around eleven million people live in Belgium, most of them in the north of the country. The south of the country is less densely populated. About 6.2 million people live in the northern Flemish region. 3.5 million live in the southern Walloon region and just over a million in the capital Brussels. The majority of the Walloons live in Brussels.

Of the residents with another nationality, the Italians form the largest group, followed by the French and Dutch, then Moroccans and other nations.

Languages in Belgium

The Flemings speak Dutch and the Walloons speak French. Flanders is the region that borders the North Sea in Belgium. A small minority in the east of the country speaks the German language. There have often been arguments between Flemings and Walloons in the past. This is still the case sometimes today. The reason lies in the history of the country. Belgium as a state has not existed that long, namely since 1830.

When Belgium was founded as an independent state in 1830, most people still spoke French. But since 1963, all languages ​​of Belgium – Dutch, French and German – have been on an equal footing. By the way, 60 out of 100 Belgians speak Dutch, which is the largest part.

Religions in Belgium

Most Belgians belong to the Roman Catholic Church, around 75 out of 100 Belgians. Only one percent can be assigned to the Protestant Church and eight out of 100 people profess Islam.

Out of 100 people, however, around 16 are not baptized at all or are religious, i.e. non-denominational. Catholicism has a long tradition in Belgium and led to a dispute with the Protestant north in the 19th century. So it came to the separation from each other.