Barbados Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Barbados Country Overview

Where is Barbados located? The State of Barbados is an island that is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Barbados is located in the far east of the Lesser Antilles chain of islands found in the Atlantic Ocean. On the time zone map, the countries along the degrees of longitude are assigned to different world time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. Barbados is on Atlantic Standard Time (AST). The time difference is 4 hours, which puts Barbados behind the world clock (UTC – 4). There is no changeover to daylight saving time.

Barbados National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Barbados is 294,560, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 294,560
Population growth rate 0.23%
Birth rate 11.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 74.75 years
Men life expectancy 72.47 years
Women life expectancy 77.05 years
Age structure
0-14 years 17.80%
15-64 years 69.84%
65 years and above 12.36%
Median age 38.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.94
Population density 685.02 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 51.70%
over 90% of African descent
Protestants 67% (Anglicans 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodists 7%, Others 12%), Catholics (Roman Catholic) 4%, no religion 17%, others 12%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.813
HDI ranking 56th out of 194

People in Barbados

The people of Barbados are called Barbadians in German. They call themselves Bajans. Most of the population, namely 92 percent, are descendants of African slaves. Just under 3 percent are whites, mostly of British or Irish descent. Another minority are Asians, especially from India and China.

Languages in Barbados

English is spoken in Barbados. English is the official language and is spoken on television and radio, in government offices and in commerce. But many Barbadians also speak a Creole language that has developed from English. It is called Bajan, like the residents themselves. It is used on all less formal occasions in everyday life.

Typical of Bajan, for example, is that the English th is not pronounced: The word this is pronounced dis. The English r is also omitted from the pronunciation. An example of a sentence is: “I go to church on Sundays” means in Bajan: I does guh church punna Sunduh.

Religions in Barbados

90 percent of the residents are of the Christian faith. Most of them are Protestants from different churches such as Anglicans or Methodists. Only 3 percent are Catholic.