Bangladesh Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Bangladesh Country Overview

Where is Bangladesh located? The state of Bangladesh is located in South Asia. Apart from the southern border on the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is surrounded by India. World time zone map, which maps countries to longitudes along different world time zones, shows that Bangladesh is in the Bangladesh Standard Time zone. This time zone is 6 hours ahead of world time. This means that there is a time difference of 5 hours between Bangladesh and the Central European time zone. In summer, as in Europe, the time is changed to “Bangladesh Summer Time”. Then the difference to the world clock increases to 7 hours time difference.

Bangladesh National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Bangladesh is 162,650,853, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 162,650,853
Population growth rate 0.98%
Birth rate 18.80 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 70.36 years
Men life expectancy 68.48 years
Women life expectancy 72.31 years
Age structure
0-14 years 27.29%
15-64 years 66.30%
65 years and above 6.42%
Median age 24.70 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.95
Population density 1,129.54 residents per km²
Urbanization 24.20%
approx. 95% Bengal, 1% Bihari, numerous minorities
Muslims 83%, Hindus 16%, others 1% (1998)
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.614
HDI ranking 135th out of 194

People in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated areas on earth. 98 out of 100 residents are Bengali. These descend from the Indo-Aryan peoples who immigrated to the Indian continent many thousands of years ago. A large number of children were born in Bangladesh over a long period, but the birth rate has now declined. Nevertheless, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated area states in the world (there are some city-states that are even more densely populated).

More people live in the fertile floodplain of the rivers than in the very dry areas of the northwest. Most of the Bengali live in the capital Dhaka. The population is growing and is already over 21 million. Overall, an above-average number of people live in the cities of Bangladesh. However, half of the city’s residents live in one of the country’s poor areas. In addition to Dhaka, other important cities in Bangladesh are the port city of Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Ranpur. Cox’s Bazar is a popular tourist town and is located in the southeast of the country.

Languages in Bangladesh

Most of the Bengali – the residents of Bangladesh – speak their mother tongue, which is Bengali or Bangla. By the way, this language is one of the most widely spoken languages ​​around the world. In Bangladesh, 98 out of 100 people speak this language. Bangla also has its own script which is related to Hindi and Sanskrit.

The educated Bengali speak English and in the big cities of the country the people partly understand English as well, because English is the language of the administration. In the countryside, however, English language skills are declining. If you want to get through here you have to speak Bangla or somehow communicate with your hands and feet.

Religions in Bangladesh

The predominant religion in Bangladesh is Islam. 90 out of 100 people are committed to it. Nine out of 100 are Hindus and only one in 100 are Buddhist. Christians and followers of other minor religions also live in Bangladesh. The constitution names Islam as the state religion, but guarantees other religions freedom of belief. Before the split from Pakistan there were many more Hindus living in Bangladesh. This changed over the course of history.