Bahrain Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Bahrain Country Overview

Where is Bahrain located? The Kingdom of Bahrain is an island country located in the Persian Gulf. On the time zone map, countries are divided into world time zones along their longitude. The allocation to a specific time zone provides information on how much the regional time deviates from the world time. In Bahrain, this time difference is three hours. This means that the clocks are 3 hours ahead of the world clock. In Bahrain, there is no clock change to daylight saving time in summer.

Bahrain National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Bahrain is 1,505,003, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 1,505,003
Population growth rate 2.08%
Birth rate 13.30 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 78.43 years
Men life expectancy 76.28 years
Women life expectancy 80.63 years
Age structure
0-14 years 18.88%
15-64 years 78.04%
65 years and above 3.08%
Median age 31.80 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.54
Population density 1,980.27 residents per kmĀ²
Urbanization 90.00%
54% foreigners
Shiites 70%, Sunnis 30%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.838
HDI ranking 45th out of 194

People in Bahrain

Most of the people live in the north of the main island of the state of Bahrain. And most of them live again in the capital Manama. 90 out of 100 people live in cities. Half of the people in Bahrain are not originally from there, but from abroad. A large part of this comes from other countries in Arabia such as Iran, others come from Pakistan, India or the Philippines.

Languages in Bahrain

In Bahrain, Islam is the state religion. Most Muslims are Shiites, but the country’s ruling class is made up of Sunnis, who make up around a third of the population. The King of Bahrain is also a Sunni. Due to the proportion of foreigners, Christians and Hindus also live in Bahrain. Few Jews live there either, there is even a synagogue, which is an absolute exception for an Arab country. The so-called per capita income of the people is quite high, the health system is well developed and there is also investment in schooling. The income from oil production makes this possible.

Religions in Bahrain

The official language is Arabic and the commercial language in Bahrain is English.