Armenia Country Overview
Where is Armenia located? The landlocked country of Armenia is located in the Caucasus in Western Asia. On the time zone map, the countries along the lines of longitude are assigned to different time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. Because of its small latitude, Armenia is located in a single world time zone. There the time difference to the world clock is 4 hours, i.e. the regional time is four hours ahead of the world time (UTC+4). In the summer months, there is a time change to summer time. Then the clocks are put forward one hour, so that the difference to the world clock is then 5 hours.
As of 2023, the latest population of Armenia is 3,021,324, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||-0.30%|
|Birth rate||12.90 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||73.75 years|
|Men life expectancy||70.10 years|
|Women life expectancy||77.80 years|
|65 years and above||11.70%|
|Median age||34.20 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||0.89|
|Population density||101.58 residents per km²|
|over 95% Armenians; Kurds, Russians, Yazidis and others|
|Armenian Orthodox Christians 94%; Russian Orthodox, Muslims 6% Yazidis (Zoroastrian, Animists) 2%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.760|
|HDI ranking||81st out of 194|
People in Armenia
Around three million people live in Armenia. Most – around 98 percent – are Armenians. Minorities in the country are Yazidis (1.3 percent) and Russians (0.5 percent). 63 out of 100 Armenians live in a city. Each Armenian woman has an average of 1.6 children. The population has been decreasing for years, but is now slowly stabilizing.
In addition to the three million Armenians who live in their own country, there is a large number of Armenians who live abroad. It should be around seven million. Many Armenians live mainly in Russia, the USA, Iran, Georgia, Lebanon and France.
Languages in Armenia
Armenian is spoken in Armenia. This is also the official language of the country. 95 percent of the population speak Armenian. Armenian has its own script. The alphabet was developed in the 5th century. There are two dialects in Armenian, Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian. Eastern Armenian is the standard. Western Armenian is spoken more by Armenians living abroad.
The most important second language is Russian. It is spoken as a mother tongue by around 100,000 people. However, it is also taught as a compulsory subject in school and is widely used in the business world. 94 percent of the population have at least a basic knowledge of Russian.
In addition, some minority languages are still spoken in Armenia, i.e. languages that are only spoken by very few people. These include Ukrainian, Georgian, Greek, Aramaic, and Turkish.
Religions in Armenia
The Armenians are proud that they were the first country in the world to introduce Christianity as the state religion. That was back in 301. 93 percent of Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is one of the oriental Orthodox churches. Other Christians make up 2.3 percent of the population. They are Catholics or Protestants.
Minorities are also Jehovah’s Witnesses, Yazidis, Muslims and Molocans. Molokans had to leave their old settlement area on the Volga (in Russia) in the 18th century and settled in Armenian villages. Their religion is a split from the Russian Orthodox Church.