Armenia Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Armenia Country Overview

Where is Armenia located? The landlocked country of Armenia is located in the Caucasus in Western Asia. On the time zone map, the countries along the lines of longitude are assigned to different time zones. The classification provides information about how big the time difference between the respective country and the world time (also called UTC) is. Because of its small latitude, Armenia is located in a single world time zone. There the time difference to the world clock is 4 hours, i.e. the regional time is four hours ahead of the world time (UTC+4). In the summer months, there is a time change to summer time. Then the clocks are put forward one hour, so that the difference to the world clock is then 5 hours.

Bordering Countries of Armenia

According to abbreviationfinder, Armenia is a small nation situated in the Caucasus region, and it is bordered by several countries. To the north, Armenia shares a border with Georgia, to the east with Azerbaijan, to the south with Iran, and to the southwest with Turkey. The total land border length of Armenia is 1,254 km.

Georgia is one of Armenia’s closest neighbors to the north and has been an important trading partner for many years due to its proximity and shared land borders. Both countries have close ties that date back to ancient times when they were both part of the Transcaucasian region. This relationship has continued throughout the years as both countries have worked together to promote economic growth and regional stability in their area.

Azerbaijan also shares a long land border with Armenia to the east and has been an important trading partner for many years due to its proximity and shared maritime borders. This region has been important for trade between Europe and Central Asia since ancient times and continues to be an important economic partner for both countries today. Azerbaijan also plays an important role in promoting cultural exchange between Europe, Central Asia, and South Asia through its many festivals, events, and cultural exchanges that occur throughout the year.

Iran is another major trading partner of Armenia due to its proximity and shared land borders as well as their history of cooperation on various political issues such as environmental protection, energy production, drug trafficking prevention etc. Both countries have strong international relations which help ensure that there is no conflict between them or with other neighboring countries over political or economic issues that could affect any one country’s interests or security.

Armenia National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Armenia is 3,021,324, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 3,021,324
Population growth rate -0.30%
Birth rate 12.90 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 73.75 years
Men life expectancy 70.10 years
Women life expectancy 77.80 years
Age structure
0-14 years 18.86%
15-64 years 69.45%
65 years and above 11.70%
Median age 34.20 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.89
Population density 101.58 residents per km²
Urbanization 64.40%
over 95% Armenians; Kurds, Russians, Yazidis and others
Armenian Orthodox Christians 94%; Russian Orthodox, Muslims 6% Yazidis (Zoroastrian, Animists) 2%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.760
HDI ranking 81st out of 194

People in Armenia

Around three million people live in Armenia. Most – around 98 percent – are Armenians. Minorities in the country are Yazidis (1.3 percent) and Russians (0.5 percent). 63 out of 100 Armenians live in a city. Each Armenian woman has an average of 1.6 children. The population has been decreasing for years, but is now slowly stabilizing.

In addition to the three million Armenians who live in their own country, there is a large number of Armenians who live abroad. It should be around seven million. Many Armenians live mainly in Russia, the USA, Iran, Georgia, Lebanon and France.

Languages in Armenia

Armenian is spoken in Armenia. This is also the official language of the country. 95 percent of the population speak Armenian. Armenian has its own script. The alphabet was developed in the 5th century. There are two dialects in Armenian, Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian. Eastern Armenian is the standard. Western Armenian is spoken more by Armenians living abroad.

The most important second language is Russian. It is spoken as a mother tongue by around 100,000 people. However, it is also taught as a compulsory subject in school and is widely used in the business world. 94 percent of the population have at least a basic knowledge of Russian.

In addition, some minority languages ​​are still spoken in Armenia, i.e. languages ​​that are only spoken by very few people. These include Ukrainian, Georgian, Greek, Aramaic, and Turkish.

Religions in Armenia

The Armenians are proud that they were the first country in the world to introduce Christianity as the state religion. That was back in 301. 93 percent of Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is one of the oriental Orthodox churches. Other Christians make up 2.3 percent of the population. They are Catholics or Protestants.

Minorities are also Jehovah’s Witnesses, Yazidis, Muslims and Molocans. Molokans had to leave their old settlement area on the Volga (in Russia) in the 18th century and settled in Armenian villages. Their religion is a split from the Russian Orthodox Church.