Argentina Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Argentina Country Overview

Where is Argentina located? The Republic of Argentina is located in southern America. The capital of this huge state is Buenos Aires. The time zone map of the world divides countries into world time zones along lines of longitude. The allocation to a certain time zone provides information about the time difference of the respective country to the official world time (also called UTC). Since Argentina stretches across latitudes but not longitudes, there is only one time zone despite the large area. This deviates from the world clock by 3 hours or is 3 hours behind it. Like many countries in South America, there is no daylight saving time setting in Argentina.

Argentina National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Argentina is 45,479,118, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 45,479,118
Population growth rate 0.86%
Birth rate 16.70 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.32 years
Men life expectancy 74.09 years
Women life expectancy 80.73 years
Age structure
0-14 years 24.44%
15-64 years 63.78%
65 years and above 11.79%
Median age 31.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.97
Population density 16.36 residents per km²
Urbanization 90.10%
often of European origin: 36% Italian, 29% Spanish, 5% European-indigenous, 2-3% German origin, 1.6% indigenous (Mapuche, Kolla, Toba, Wichí, Diaguita, Guaraní etc.)
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 92% (practicing less than 20%), Protestants 2%, Jews 2%, others 4%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.830
HDI ranking 48th out of 194

People in Argentina

43 million people live in Argentina. Most of them, around 90 percent, are white. They are mainly descended from the Italians and Spaniards who flocked to the country between 1860 and 1930. Some also have French, Polish, and German ancestors. Since the 1970s, a particularly large number of people from Paraguay and Bolivia came to Argentina.

Five to 10 percent of Argentines are officially descendants of the immigrant white population and the original residents of the country. However, far more Argentines have at least one Indian among their ancestors. About 2 percent belong to the indigenous peoples.

92 percent of Argentines live in cities. A third of all residents live in the greater Buenos Aires area.

Indians in Argentina

Only two percent of the population are of indigenous origin. That’s just under a million people. Their peoples live in the Andes, in the rainforest or in the pampas and Patagonia. The Mapuche and the Yamaná, for example, live there.

Many Indians no longer live in their old settlement areas, but have moved to the cities. They often suffer from disadvantages. Nevertheless, they try to preserve their language and culture and fight for it.

Languages in Argentina

Spanish is the official language in Argentina. Almost all Argentines speak Spanish. In addition, the Indians often speak their own language. Depending on the ethnic group, it is very different. The Quechua, Guaraní and Mapuche in particular often still speak their own languages. Although a third of all Argentinians have Italian roots, most of them no longer speak Italian but speak Spanish.

Spanish in Argentina: Río de la Plata Spanish

Argentine Spanish is different from the Spanish spoken in Spain. While in Spain, for example, the c is usually pronounced like an English th, i.e. between the teeth (as in through), in Argentina, as in all of Latin America, the c is pronounced like a sharp s (as in see). This is called “Seseo”.

The pronunciation of ll (as in llamo) and of y between vowels (as in oye) such as a German sch or a French j is also particularly typical. That is then called Žeísmo or Šeísmo. Typical for all of Argentina is the use of the Voseo, that is, one says for “you” vos instead of do. Instead of vosotros (you) one says ustedes. This is also used in writing. This Río de la Plata Spanish is also spoken in Uruguay.

Religions in Argentina

Two thirds of Argentines (76 percent) are Catholics. 9 percent are Protestants. The majority therefore belong to a Christian church. Sometimes, however, Christian traditions are also merged with the customs and beliefs of the Indians. The Quechua continue to worship Pachamama as earth mother and goddess. In the imagination she often merges with the Mother of God Mary.