Algeria Country Overview
Where is Algeria located? Algeria, also officially known as the ‘People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria’, is located in north-west Africa. It is one of the Maghreb countries and also the second largest country in Africa after Sudan. The world is divided into different time zones, and because of the great distance to Germany, a time difference between the countries would be assumed. In fact, however, Germany and Algeria are in the same region on the time zone map. Both are one hour ahead of the official world time. The only difference is that daylight saving time does not change in Algeria.
As of 2023, the latest population of Algeria is 44,373,362, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).
|Population growth rate||1.52%|
|Birth rate||22.20 births per 1,000 people|
|Overall life expectancy||76.18 years|
|Men life expectancy||74.95 years|
|Women life expectancy||77.47 years|
|65 years and above||5.81%|
|Median age||27.50 years|
|Gender ratio (Male to Female)||1.03|
|Population density||18.04 residents per km²|
|70% Arabs, 30% Berbers (Tamazight, Kabylen, etc.); French minority|
|Sunni (state religion) 99%, Christians and Jews 1%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)||0.759|
|HDI ranking||82th out of 194|
People in Algeria
Around 42 million people live in Algeria. The vast majority live in the north of the country. Only there are bigger cities to be found. A total of 73 percent of the population live in a city, 27 percent in rural areas.
On average, every woman has 2.6 children. The population is no longer growing as fast as it used to be, but it is still growing. As a result, there is also a lack of jobs, for example. Many young Algerians emigrate, especially to the country of the former colonial power France.
Arabs and Berbers
The majority of Algerians describe themselves as Arabs (70 percent). 30 percent belong to a Berber tribe. But almost all Algerians have Berber roots, because they were the original population here. In the 7th and 8th centuries, the Arabs then advanced west and Islamized north-west Africa. In addition to their religion, they also brought their language and culture with them. Many Berbers were Arabized in this way.
Meanwhile, however, Arabs and Berbers also mix. However, there are also Berber tribes who fight to preserve their culture. It was a success for her that her Tamazight language was recognized as the official language in Algeria in 2002.
The largest Berber tribe in Algeria are the Tuareg. You live in the Sahara. Some still lead the life of nomadic shepherds, but others have also settled down like the other Berber tribes.
The Kabyls live in Kabylia in the northeast. Other Berber tribes in Algeria are the Saharaberber, the Shawia and the Chenoua. The map shows you where they live in Algeria.
Languages in Algeria
Algeria has two official languages: Arabic and, since 2002, Tamazight, a Berber language. Many Algerians also speak French. Through the colonial era, it has been preserved as a language in trade and education.
Arabic is written in Arabic script. You read them from right to left. Berber languages can be written in Arabic script, in Latin letters or in Tifinagh, which is the script of the Tuareg (a Berber tribe in the Sahara).
Religions in Algeria
Today 99 percent of Algerians profess Islam.