Albania Population, People, Languages and Religions

By | January 21, 2022

Albania Country Overview

Where is Albania located?Albania, or ‘Republic of Albania’, is a country located in south-eastern Europe. It is relatively close to Germany and therefore also in the same region on the time zone map, which shows the official world time. It follows that there is no time difference between Germany and Albania. Both are one hour ahead of the official world time and both change clocks during the summer months to take advantage of more daylight.

Bordering Countries of Albania

According to abbreviationfinder, Albania is a small country in the Balkans that is bordered by five countries: Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia, Greece and Serbia. Montenegro borders Albania to the north and northwest, with a Adriatic Sea coastline of 158 km. This region has been inhabited since ancient times and is home to many cultural and historical sites. Kosovo borders Albania to the northeast and has a total land border of 112 km. The majority of the population in Kosovo is ethnically Albanian, making it an important cultural link between Albania and the rest of the world. Macedonia borders Albania to the east with a total land border length of 151 km; this region has seen much conflict throughout its history due to its strategic location at the crossroads between Europe, Asia Minor, and Central Asia. Greece borders Albania to the south with a total land border length of 282 km; this region is renowned for its stunning landscapes as well as its rich culture which includes ancient ruins from civilizations such as Ancient Greece and Rome. Finally, Serbia borders Albania to the northwest with a total land border length of 151 km; this region has seen much tension due to recent wars between Serbia and Kosovo which have had an impact on both countries’ relations with each other as well as their relationship with other nearby countries such as Albania.

Albania National Flag

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Albania is 2,875,787, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 2,875,787
Population growth rate 0.28%
Birth rate 13.20 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.77 years
Men life expectancy 75.16 years
Women life expectancy 80.67 years
Age structure
0-14 years 17.84%
15-64 years 69.92%
65 years and above 12.23%
Median age 32.00 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 0.98
Population density 106.95 residents per km²
Urbanization 43.80%
Ethnicities
over 95% Albanians (Tosken and Gegen), minorities of Greeks, Aromanians, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Roma
Religions
Muslims 70%; Albanian Orthodox 20%; Catholics 13%; Others 1.4%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.791
HDI ranking 69th out of 194

People in Albania

Most of the country’s residents are Albanians. For every 100 people, 83 belong to this group.

This is divided again into the counter and the tosken. There are linguistic and cultural differences between these ethnic groups. At the same time, they are also distributed differently in the country. In the north more people belong to the counter, in the south most of the Tosken.

Minorities

The largest minority in Albania are the Greeks, although it is believed that up to 70 percent of Albanian Greeks have emigrated to Greece since the 1990s, mostly for economic reasons. Although the Greeks are the largest ethnic minority, they officially do not even make up one percent of the population in Albania.

In the south of Albania still people who live to the Vlachs count. Their number should be around 10,000. They have their own language, Aromanian, and they often belong to the Orthodox Church. In Albania, however, many Aromanians are also non-denominational, as are members of other ethnic groups in Albania.

There are around 5000 Slavic Macedonians who have established their own small communities with their own schools in parts of Albania.

There are also around 8,000 Roma. They are the ones most affected by discrimination. Many members of the Roma live in poverty and are socially excluded. For example, in 2011 there was an attack on a Roma settlement that destroyed residents’ property and forced people from their homes.

Other minorities are the Bosniaks and people who have their roots in Serbia or Montenegro.

Languages in Albania

Albanian is spoken almost exclusively in Albania. Out of 100 people, one can roughly say that 99 have learned Albanian as their mother tongue. There are dialects that are a bit different, but people understand each other. Some of the Albanian-speaking people also speak one or more foreign languages.

A particularly large number of people speak Italian, as some radio and television programs are broadcast in this language. The world language English is also common and some also speak Greek. While Albania was under Soviet rule, Russian was taught, which is why some residents speak it.

Religions in Albania

Albania is not considered a very religious country. The largest religious community is formed by Islam, to which about 57 out of 100 people profess. 17 belong to the Christian faith, and within this group a distinction can be made between Roman Catholic, Albanian Orthodox and Protestant Christians.

But many in Albania either make no statement about their beliefs, are believers without religious affiliation or do not believe in a god at all.

There are hardly any conflicts between the religions and people of different beliefs live together mostly peacefully and in mutual respect.