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Largest Cities in Europe by Population

Europe is a continent and consists of 45 countries. The land mass stretches from the polar sea in the north over the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea in the west and Asia in the east to finally the Mediterranean Sea. The entire continent is approximately 10.5 million square kilometers and has over 700 million inhabitants. Some of them live in big countries like Spain, Poland or France. Others live in very small mini-countries like Andorra, San Marino or Liechtenstein.

Area 10 531 000 km2 including the European parts of Russia and Turkey
Population 805 440 000
Population density 76 inhabitants per km2
Countries 45
Largest country Russia with 17 075 200 km2 , of which 3 955 818 km2 in the European part
Smallest Country Vatican City with 0.45 km2
Languages English, French, German, Italian, Russian
Highest mountain Elbrus (in the Caucasus, Russia): 5,642 meters; Montblanc (in France): 4 807 meters
Longest river Caspian Sea, 28 meters below sea level
Highest temperature 50 0 C in Seville (Spain)
Lowest temperature -55 0 C in Ust'Schugor (Russia)

Biggest Cities in Europe

Ranking City Country Continent Population
1 Moscow Russia Europe 12,538,065
2 Paris France Europe 11,017,341
3 London United Kingdom Europe 9,304,127
4 Madrid Spain Europe 6,617,624
5 Barcelona Spain Europe 5,585,667
6 Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5,467,919
7 Rome Italy Europe 4,257,167
8 Berlin Germany Europe 3,562,149
9 Athens Greece Europe 3,153,466
10 Milan Italy Europe 3,140,292
11 Kiev Ukraine Europe 2,988,287
12 Lisbon Portugal Europe 2,956,990
13 Manchester United Kingdom Europe 2,730,187
14 Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 2,607,548
15 Naples Italy Europe 2,186,964
16 Brussels Belgium Europe 2,080,899
17 Minsk Belarus Europe 2,028,215
18 Vienna Austria Europe 1,930,055
19 West Yorkshire United Kingdom Europe 1,889,206
20 Bucharest Romania Europe 1,803,358
21 Turin Italy Europe 1,792,274
22 Hamburg Germany Europe 1,790,065
23 Warsaw Poland Europe 1,783,362
24 Budapest Hungary Europe 1,768,184
25 Lyon France Europe 1,719,379
26 Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1,673,443
27 Novosibirsk Russia Europe 1,663,859
28 Stockholm Sweden Europe 1,632,909
29 Marseille France Europe 1,608,347
30 Munich Germany Europe 1,538,413
31 Yekaterinburg Russia Europe 1,503,923
32 Kharkiv Ukraine Europe 1,429,115
33 Belgrade Serbia Europe 1,398,050
34 Zurich Switzerland Europe 1,395,467
35 Copenhagen Denmark Europe 1,346,596
36 Porto Portugal Europe 1,313,058
37 Prague Czech Republic Europe 1,305,848
38 Helsinki Finland Europe 1,304,962
39 Sofia Bulgaria Europe 1,281,079
40 Kazan Russia Europe 1,272,174
41 Nizhniy Novgorod Russia Europe 1,257,865
42 Dublin Ireland Europe 1,228,290
43 Chelyabinsk Russia Europe 1,227,906
44 Omsk Russia Europe 1,182,450
45 Samara Russia Europe 1,163,407
46 Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 1,149,083
47 Krasnoyarsk Russia Europe 1,137,605
48 Ufa Russia Europe 1,136,402
49 Rostov On Don Russia Europe 1,136,312
50 Cologne Germany Europe 1,118,900
51 Perm Russia Europe 1,071,530
52 Voronezh Russia Europe 1,067,830
53 Lille France Europe 1,063,196
54 Antwerp Belgium Europe 1,042,582
55 Oslo Norway Europe 1,041,488
56 Toulouse France Europe 1,024,277
57 Rotterdam Netherlands Europe 1,010,137
58 Odesa Ukraine Europe 1,009,400
59 Volgograd Russia Europe 1,004,799
60 Bordeaux France Europe 969,104
61 Dnipro Ukraine Europe 957,456
62 Krasnodar Russia Europe 957,325
63 Nice France Europe 942,319
64 Southampton United Kingdom Europe 928,027
65 Donetsk Ukraine Europe 905,641
66 Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 901,819
67 Bergamo Italy Europe 892,200
68 Palermo Italy Europe 851,257
69 Tyumen Russia Europe 843,307
70 Saratov Russia Europe 842,791
71 Valencia Spain Europe 833,835
72 Thessaloniki Greece Europe 812,277
73 Newcastle Upon Tyne United Kingdom Europe 809,592
74 Bologna Italy Europe 806,097
75 Nottingham United Kingdom Europe 787,721
76 Frankfurt Germany Europe 777,267
77 Krakow Poland Europe 768,842
78 Zaporizhzhya Ukraine Europe 736,278
79 Zaragoza Spain Europe 730,939
80 Sheffield United Kingdom Europe 730,269
81 Lviv Ukraine Europe 723,869
82 Florence Italy Europe 708,468
83 Seville Spain Europe 703,901
84 Tolyatti Russia Europe 700,363
85 The Hague Netherlands Europe 697,675
86 Bristol United Kingdom Europe 686,321
87 Zagreb Croatia Europe 684,989
88 Padova Italy Europe 683,715
89 Genoa Italy Europe 679,724
90 Nantes France Europe 677,877
91 Liege Belgium Europe 677,700
92 Lodz Poland Europe 676,941
93 Busto Arsizio Italy Europe 654,369
94 Izhevsk Russia Europe 651,449
95 Wroclaw Poland Europe 641,512
96 Barnaul Russia Europe 639,894
97 Irkutsk Russia Europe 638,954
98 Venezia Italy Europe 637,356
99 Khabarovsk Russia Europe 633,262
100 Stuttgart Germany Europe 632,803
101 Duesseldorf Germany Europe 632,053
102 Riga Latvia Europe 630,803
103 Belfast United Kingdom Europe 630,743
104 Verona Italy Europe 629,769
105 Ulyanovsk Russia Europe 625,007
106 Bari Italy Europe 622,488
107 Seregno Italy Europe 619,982
108 Kryvyi Rih Ukraine Europe 618,817
109 Geneva Switzerland Europe 613,484
110 Yaroslavl Russia Europe 612,476
111 Gothenburg Sweden Europe 610,632
112 Vladivostok Russia Europe 609,865
113 Brighton United Kingdom Europe 607,020
114 Makhachkala Russia Europe 599,903
115 Tomsk Russia Europe 595,753
116 Skopje Macedonia Europe 595,386
117 Leipzig Germany Europe 591,163
118 Malaga Spain Europe 590,143
119 Dortmund Germany Europe 589,711
120 Catania Italy Europe 585,988
121 Essen Germany Europe 582,239
122 Toulon France Europe 579,206
123 Dresden Germany Europe 575,587
124 Orenburg Russia Europe 568,923
125 Kemerovo Russia Europe 565,870
126 Bremen Germany Europe 565,465
127 Basel Switzerland Europe 559,138
128 Gomel Belarus Europe 557,700
129 Leicester United Kingdom Europe 552,289
130 Novokuznetsk Russia Europe 550,686
131 Utrecht Netherlands Europe 544,500
132 Ryazan Russia Europe 540,428
133 Vilnius Lithuania Europe 539,005
134 Hannover Germany Europe 537,087
135 Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 536,886
136 Astrakhan Russia Europe 535,058
137 Naberezhnye Tchelny Russia Europe 534,837
138 Poznan Poland Europe 531,141
139 Grenoble France Europe 527,831
140 Penza Russia Europe 523,203
141 Duisburg Germany Europe 515,187
142 Balashikha Russia Europe 514,773
143 Kirov Russia Europe 513,114
144 Nurenberg Germany Europe 512,052
145 Lipetsk Russia Europe 507,402
146 Cheboksary Russia Europe 505,981
147 Bournemouth United Kingdom Europe 505,798
148 Douai Lens France Europe 500,887

Europe Climate

A country's landscape and climate depend on where you are in Europe. No two countries are the same. Every landscape was created over millions of years and shaped by influences such as the Ice Age. The weather is also dependent on the location of the country. It doesn't just depend on whether the country is in the north, west, south or east of Europe. but also whether there are mountains, the land borders a sea or is in the interior of Europe.

Europe Languages

Different languages ​​are spoken in almost every country. Most children therefore learn foreign languages ​​in school. It helps them to converse with children from other countries. Writing in another language is sometimes a little more difficult. Because not all Europeans use our Latin alphabet. In Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Serbia and Macedonia, people need the Cyrillic alphabet, which looks very strange to us.

The Greeks, on the other hand, use the Greek alphabet, which also looks strange to us:

Perhaps you have heard of the European Union (EU for short). This is an association of 27 countries. They have a common parliament in which they pass laws that then apply to all countries and people. That makes it easier to trade with one another or for people to move from one country to another, for example to work there. Whether a country is allowed to join the EU depends on many different things, mostly the economic situation of the country.

Twenty-two of the European countries also have a common currency, the euro, which has a € as a sign. If you go on vacation to another euro country, you no longer have to exchange your pocket money. All other countries have their own money, which can mostly only be used in that country.

Germany is the largest manufacturer of chemical products in Europe. The chemicals are used for paints, cosmetics and medicines.

Most of the amber in the world is found on the Baltic coast of Lithuania. Amber is a fossil resin from long-dead trees, in which animals or parts of plants are sometimes enclosed. Amber is processed into jewelry.

The Vatican City is the only state in the world with Latin as the official language (alongside Italian).

In France, snails and frogs are considered delicacies. 250,000 tons of escargots are consumed annually. The largest European cotton factory is in Estonia.

The St. Gotthard Tunnel in Switzerland is 16.3 kilometers long and was the longest road tunnel in the world for a long time. But now it's the Aurland tunnel in Nowegen, which is 25 kilometers long.

Europe has the lowest average altitude of 340 m, more than half of the surface is formed by plains up to 200 m.

Together with Asia, Europe forms the vast continent of Eurasia. The two mainlands are connected by an artificial border 3500 kilometers long.

Europe has a total of 45 countries - quite a lot! So that you always know which country is where in Europe, the have been divided into the following 7 different areas:

  • Central Europe
  • Northern Europe
  • Eastern Europe
  • Southern Europe
  • Southeast Europe
  • Southwest Europe
  • Western Europe

 

 

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