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Asia Capitals

Afghanistan: Kabul

The largest city and capital of the country is Kabul, followed by Kandahar, which is located in the south of Afghanistan. Other larger cities are Herat and Mazar-e Sharif in the north.

The Afghan capital has 4.3 million people (as of January 2020), making it the city with the most inhabitants in the country. Kabul is in the east of Afghanistan. The population is growing steadily. All ministries as well as the parliament and the highest court are also located here. There are many gardens and parks in Kabul. There is also a large airport in Kabul. The Kabul River of the same name flows through the capital.

Armenia: Yerevan

The capital of Armenia is Yerevan. Sometimes you read Yerevan too. With a population of 1.2 million, Yerevan is the largest city in the country and its cultural and economic center. More than a third of all residents live here. Yerevan is located in the west of the country on the banks of the Hrasdan River. The city is surrounded by mountains on three sides.

Azerbaijan: Baku

Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. It is located on the Abşeron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea. Two million people live in Baku. The city is the country's cultural and economic center. Because Baku is located in an important oil production area, several oil pipelines begin here. In the old town, palaces, mosques and fortresses are well preserved. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Bahrain: Manama

The capital Manama is also the largest city on Bahraini territory. In contrast to many neighboring countries, the Kingdom of Bahrain has not only relied on oil for a long time, but has instead expanded its financial sector extensively. Accordingly, the capital is dominated by tall glass buildings that form the country's international financial center. You can find many banks here.

Bangladesh: Dhaka

Often you hear the question: Bangladesh capital with five letters. Those who like to solve crossword puzzles cannot avoid it. The answer is simple: the capital of Bangladesh is called Dhaka.

Bhutan: Thimphu

Thimphu, also spelled Thimbu, is the capital of Bhutan.

Brunei: Thimphu

The capital of the country is called Thimphu. It is located at an altitude of 2320 meters. The Wang Chu River flows through Thimphu. About 91,000 people live in the city. The government, parliament and administration of Bhutan are based here.

To the west of Thimphu is the city of Paro with its international airport. Anyone traveling to Bhutan by plane will land here.

China: Beijing

The capital of China is called Beijing (or Bejing) and is located in the north of the country. It plays an important political role in China and is also home to some of China's top landmarks like the Forbidden City. 21,500,000 people live in the Chinese capital.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea: Pyongyang

In the capital, Pyongyang, you can find buildings such as the Great Study Palace of the People, the Pyongyang Great Theater and the Palace of Culture. All of them are large buildings based on traditional Korean architecture. In the large Mansudae monument there is the impressive bronze statue of the state founder and long-time leader Kim Il-sung. These were all built after the Korean War, in which almost the entire city was destroyed. Today the parks and green spaces in the city are very well maintained. Everything is organized, there is no hectic rush and a lot of cleanliness.

Georgia: Tbilisi

The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. In Georgian it is called Tbilisi. 1.1 million people live in Tbilisi and thus around a quarter of the country's population. Tbilisi is also the largest city in the country. It is located in the southeast of the country on the Kura River and surrounded by mountains. The residential quarters also extend in terraces on the slopes.

India: New Delhi

New Delhi, is the national capital of India.

Indonesia: Jakarta

The capital of Indonesia is called Jakarta and is located on the island of Java. Indonesia's capital Jakarta is on Java. In addition, the famous and most active volcano Bromo is on Java. The island is very densely populated, which is why many animals have unfortunately been displaced. The Java tiger became extinct around 1980 and other animals typical of Java such as the Java rhinoceros are threatened by this fate.

Iraq: Baghdad

The capital of Iraq is called Baghdad. Translated from Persian, this means "gift from the Lord". It is one of the largest cities in the Middle East. A large part of the Iraqi population lives here. If you look at a map, Baghdad is actually quite central, almost in the middle of the country. Baghdad is the most important center of Iraq. This is also where the Iraqi parliament and all important state authorities sit. But Baghdad is also an important religious center. There are also many museums and theaters, historical sites and monuments here.

The consequences of the third Iraq war, which ended in 2003, are still visible in Baghdad. There are still bomb attacks in the city, which often result in injuries and deaths.

Iran: Tehran

The name Tehran comes from Old Persian and roughly means "warm place". That already indicates that the summers in the city are very dry and hot. Tehran is between 900 and 1500 meters above sea level. Pretty high, isn't it?

Several times a year there are light earthquakes in the capital of Iran, as the city is located in an earthquake-prone zone. Scientists have found that there could be a powerful quake about every 150 years that would destroy large parts of the city.

Israel: Jerusalem

Jerusalem is the main shrine of three world religions: the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims. All three religions are present here and all lay claim to the "holy city" as Jerusalem is often called. Not only do many cultures meet here, but also the modern and the past. Few cities in the world have to live with so many contrasts as Jerusalem.

Japan: Tokyo

Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is located on the island of Honshu.

Yemen: Sanaa

The capital of the country is called Sanaa and is located at an altitude of 2300 meters. The old town, which has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, is particularly impressive. Something special are the houses, which were built from unfired adobe bricks and often have several floors. They were often plastered in an appealing way and are therefore particularly noticeable. You can buy all sorts of things in the town's market and watch the artisans at work. The cutlers who specialize in the manufacture of curved daggers are famous.

Jordan: Amman

The capital of Jordan is called Amman and is located in the north of the country. Over four million people live here on the many hills that characterize the cityscape of Amman. Incidentally, this city is one of the oldest cities in the world, which you don't necessarily recognize at first glance. The first traces of human settlement go back to the 8th millennium BC. BC back.

There are many archaeological sites to visit in Amman. In addition to the Roman theater, this also includes the citadel hill. You will also find an Arab bazaar, called a souk in Arabic, in the old town of Amman. Many mosques shape the cityscape of the capital of Jordan. The largest mosque in the city is the Abdullah Mosque.

Amman's rise began at the beginning of the 20th century. The then King Abdullah made it the capital. Today life pulsates here, the city is modern. It has meanwhile also become the country's financial center and a large city in which almost half of the country's entire population lives. Many houses were built from light-colored limestone, so the city is often called "the white city". Incidentally, the word Amman refers to the ancient tribe of the Ammonites and their state, which was called Ammon.

Cambodia: Phnom Penh

The capital of Cambodia is called Phnom Penh. It can be compared to the big cities in Southeast Asia. The city is located in the southwest of Cambodia, on the Tonle Sap, which is a tributary of the great Mekong River. This means that even small ships can easily reach the capital. Cambodia's important international airport is also located here. A university and the country's economic center are also in Phnom Penh.

Kazakhstan: Astana

The country has had a brand new capital since 1997. The old capital was in the south of the country and is called Almati or earlier Alma Ata. The new capital was called Astana. This city was created in a short time and most of all shows the power of the Kazakh President. Kazakhstan is a dictatorship that has been ruled by the same president for more than 20 years. In the meantime (2019) the capital Kazakhstan has already been renamed again, namely in Nursultan, after the long-standing President of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan's new president Kassym-Shomart Tokayev had decided this.

Qatar: Doha

The capital of Qatar is called Doha, which means something like "bay". It is located directly on the Arabian (Persian) Gulf and, in addition to a large airport and important educational institutions, is home to locations for the country's fish and oil industry. As the tourist center of Qatar, Doha also has a lot to offer visitors from all over the world, for example the National Museum or the Museum of Islamic Art. Construction is going on in Doha, with hotels, apartment blocks and large shopping centers being built. At the same time, the capital of Qatar is to develop into an education and leisure center in order to find alternatives for the state income through the sale of oil. This means that Doha is also competing with Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek

The capital of Kyrgyzstan is called Bishkek. In the local spelling, this corresponds to Biškek. Bishkek is in the north of the country. The Tian Shan Mountains rise south of the city, while the steppe extends to the north as far as the border with Kazakhstan. Around 930,000 people live in Bishkek. This makes it the largest city in the country.

Originally it was a station on the Silk Road. In 1825 a clay fortress was built here by the Kokand Khanate. It was destroyed by Russian troops in 1862. The Russians then built their own fortress and relocated farmers here. In 1878 the place was called Pischpek. Between 1926 and 1991, when Kyrgyzstan was part of the Soviet Union, the city was called Frunze. That was the name of a close confidante of Lenin's who was born here. With independence, the Kyrgyz form of the old name was chosen: Bishkek.

Kuwait: Kuwait City

Kuwait Bay extends about 40 kilometers into the interior of the country. At the top of this indentation is the capital, which like the country is also called Kuwait. To differentiate it is also called Kuwait City.

In the north there is alluvial land that is already part of the alluvial plain of the Shatt al-Arab. In the south are the country's oil fields, on which Kuwait's great wealth is based. Kuwait City is the center of the country.

Laos: Vientiane

As an important road, the Mekong also connects important cities with each other and with the capital of Laos, which is called Vientiane. 600,000 people live in the capital. This city is located in the northwest and is traversed by the Mekong. Another important city that is also a World Heritage Site is called Luang Prabang and is also located on the Mekong.

Lebanon: Beirut

The capital of Lebanon is called Beirut. This is a name you may have heard before, because unfortunately this name was often mentioned in connection with wars. But you can find out more about this under "History and Politics in Lebanon". Many of the country’s residents live in Beirut, 40 out of 100 Lebanese live in the city or in neighboring villages. 

Other well-known cities in Lebanon are Tripoli, Sidon and Tire, all cities with a long and exciting history. They were founded a long time ago by the Phoenicians and they are all on the coast. Sure, the Phoenicians wanted to get into their boats right away.

Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur

The capital of Malaysia and also the most important city of Malaysia is called Kuala Lumpur. Here people live in a modern city that, at first glance, does not differ much from other large cities in the world. There are skyscrapers, bank buildings and many high-tech companies have their headquarters here. All of the world's expensive fashion brands can be found in the shopping malls.

Kuala Lumpur means "muddy estuary". Doesn't sound particularly inviting! The city was in a river basin of two rivers. Many mosquitoes plagued the few people who lived there and the whole area was infested with malaria. In the meantime, however, KL has around 1.6 million inhabitants and continues to grow.

Maldives: Malé

The capital of the Maldives is called Malé. 123,000 people live there. Because so many people move here, the island, which is also called Malé, even had to be artificially enlarged. Incidentally, no building on Malé may be built higher than the tower of the main mosque. While the islands of the Maldives are actually known for their tranquility and tranquility, the capital is bustling with activity.

Mongolia: Ulan Bator

Mongolia is the most sparsely populated state in the world, around three million people live here, a little less than in Germany's capital Berlin. You can find most of them in the capital with the funny name with the "five A", namely Ulaanbaatar. But there is also the spelling Ulan Bator. In translation, this means something like "red hero".

40 out of 100 Mongolians live in the capital. It is also the most important center in the country. The border with Russia in the north extends for 3485 kilometers and the border with China in the south is 4677 kilometers in length. Kazakhstan is also only a few kilometers away in the west of the country. Incidentally, the three million people take care of 32 million grazing animals, which is quite a lot.

Myanmar: Naypyidaw

The country's capital was relocated in 2005 and is now called Naypyidaw and is a city that was artificially created rather than naturally grown. The military planned it and its area is six times the size of Berlin. A little over a million people live there. Translated, the name means "royal city", but in reality this city is anything but royal. Tourists can hardly find their way here. It cost billions of dollars to build - no details are available.

Nepal: Kathmandu

The capital of the country is also located in the central plateau: Kathmandu. The two fertile valleys of Kathmandu and another large city called Pokhara extend here.

In the capital Kathmandu you will also find the only airport in the country. About one million people live in Kathmandu, and several million in the entire region.

Oman: Muscat

The capital of the country is Muscat, also sometimes spelled Muscat or Masqat. Up into the 20th century, the city gates were closed in the evening, just like in the Middle Ages. Only after the current sultan came to power did the city begin to be modernized. The city stretches for 50 kilometers along the coast. Although a large part of Oman's population lives in the capital, the city is rather calm and tranquil. Gardens and lawns, mosques and modern, white villas shape the cityscape.

The city motorway is evidence of modernity. The city's landmarks are the forts of Marani and Jalali, which guarded the port entrance in earlier times. Parts of the old town with magnificent old Indian palaces were demolished and replaced by new buildings, mostly villas. There are many museums, university buildings and the great mosque in the city. The following pictures give you a small impression of what the capital of Oman looks like.

East Timor: Dili

The capital of East Timor is called Dili and is located on the north coast. The Presidential Palace is also located here. The few tourists of East Timor usually start from here to explore the island, because Dili has the best infrastructure in the state and offers connections to other cities that are well worth seeing. In addition, several hotels and shops have sprung up in recent years.

The second largest city on Timor-Leste is Bacau with its beautiful beach and markets.

Pakistan: Islamabad

The capital of Pakistan is called Islamabad. The city is not that old yet, as it was only founded in the 60s of the last century. The city was designed and planned on the drawing board. It is not a grown city - with all advantages and disadvantages. There is little evidence of ancient cultures to be discovered in the city and there is no old town. It lacks the narrowness of many Pakistani cities. It looks cleaner and of course more modern. The Faisal Mosque, which was completed in 1984, is famous. It is said to be the largest enclosed mosque in the world.

Philippines: Manila

Manila is located on the Philippine main island of Luzon in the Manila Bay. There are many more people living in the area around the capital than in the city itself. In the city there are around 1.7 million people, in the region more than 11 million.

All of the country's major institutions can be found in Manila. Theaters, museums and universities are located in Manila. The Pasig River flows through Manila. It is said that Manila is the fourth largest city in the world. In Southeast Asia, only Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is bigger. The city is drowning in traffic because there are too many cars and too few roads. The slums of Manila, where many millions of people live, also paint a sad picture.

Republic of Korea: Seoul

The capital of the Republic of Korea is Seoul. As early as 18 BC It was a capital of the country when it was still a kingdom. Today the city is very modern and quite crowded, because ten million people live here. There is always something going on. Whether you are interested in culture, food or architecture, there is always something to see in Seoul. In 1988 the Summer Olympics took place in Seoul.

Russia: Moscow

Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is located in the European part of the country. In 2010 Moscow had 11.5 million inhabitants. In 2012 two more areas were incorporated, so that Moscow now has a population of 15 million. It is the largest city in Europe. Moscow is also the largest industrial city in Russia.

In the historical center is the Kremlin on Red Square. The president has his official residence in the former fortress. The GUM department store, Lenin's mausoleum and St. Basil's Cathedral, one of Moscow's landmarks, are also located on Red Square.

The Moskva flows through Moscow. The city of Moscow is called the same in Russian, i.e. Moskva. The "o" is spoken like an "a" and the emphasis is on the second syllable: Maskwá.

Moscow is considered one of the most expensive cities in the world. You pay a lot for groceries, but also if you want to rent an apartment or build a house. The tallest building in Europe, the Mercury City Tower, is in Moscow. It is 339 meters high and has 75 floors.

Saudi Arabia: Riyadh

The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh and is located in the center of the Arabian Peninsula. It is good to know, because some crossword puzzles asks, "What is the name of the capital of Saudi Arabia?" "Riyadh" is of course the correct answer. Translated from Arabic, the word means "the gardens". Every fifth Saudi lives here. A long time ago there was a settlement here called Hajar, which was built at the confluence of several rivers because of the fertility of the landscape. But today the rivers have dried up for a long time and so only the name of the town bears witness to the former blossoming of the gardens with date palms and orchards.

Riyadh - a modern city

Today Riyadh is a modern city with several million inhabitants. Riyadh is the center of Saudi Arabia in economic, cultural and political terms. Here is the palace of the royal family. There are several universities and many museums. Here is also the seat of the Saudi parliament.

Singapore: Singapore City

Singapore city is the capital of the Republic of Singapore.

Sri Lanka: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

The current capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.

Syria: Damascus

The capital of Syria is Damascus. Damascus is located in the southwest of Syria, only 15 kilometers from the border with Libya. Damascus is one of the oldest cities on earth that were continuously inhabited by humans. It is an important center of culture and religions.

Damascus was first mentioned on a hieroglyphic tablet of the ancient Egyptians around 3500 years ago. Unfortunately, today's Damascus is no longer what it used to be. Here, too, the war has left its mark.

Tajikistan: Dushanbe

Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan. In Tajik it is written Dušanbe (the š is sh pronounced). It is located in the west of the country in a valley south of the Hissar Mountains. 780,000 residents are at home here. This makes Dushanbe the largest city in the country.

Thailand: Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital of the country. More than ten million people live here. Bangkok literally means "village in the plum grove", but anyone who looks at the streets of Bangkok today is reminded of anything but a plum grove.

Bangkok is a modern city with traffic noise, dirt, hectic and crowded areas. But in all corners of the city there are small temples and shrines that invite you to pray. They are like resting points in the big city.

Turkey: Ankara

The capital of Turkey is Ankara. If you are thinking that this sounds a bit like the word "anchor", then you are not at all wrong. Because one theory about the naming of the city actually states that a king named Midas is said to have once found an anchor in the area and then named the city after it. Ankara is derived from the Greek word for anchor Ancyra. In addition to this, there are other theories about naming. Today Ankara is one of the economic centers of Turkey.

Other large and important cities are Istanbul and Izmir. Ankara is not very well developed for tourism compared to Istanbul. That is quite unusual for a capital city.

Turkmenistan: Ashgabat

Ashgabat is the name of the capital of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat is written in Turkmen. The city is located in the south of the country in an oasis of the Karakum desert. It is also located on the Karakum Canal. 860,000 people live in Ashgabat. It is also the largest city in the country.

The city was and is being redesigned on a large scale because Turkmenistan wants to show the country's prosperity to the outside world. This resulted in huge triumphal arches, huge squares, multi-lane parade streets and buildings clad in white marble.

Uzbekistan: Tashkent

The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent. That's actually the Russian name. The city is called Toshkent in Uzbek. The city is located on the foothills of the Tianshan Mountains in the northeast of the country. The border with Kazakhstan is not far. 2.3 million people live in Tashkent.

United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi

In the middle of a land of desert in the UAE suddenly rise up from the ground, some of the most modern in the world.

The capital of the country is  Abu Dhabi. It has developed into such a city over the past 30 years. Skyscrapers, hotel complexes and modern shopping centers shape the image of this city. Between all this modernity, however, traditional places can still be found here and there, such as residential palaces or mosques. Abu Dhabi is also known for its many small shops that are located on the ground floor of some buildings.

Until a few years ago, these shops made even more sales than the gigantic shopping malls. The City Planning Council of Abu Dhabi - the people who take care of the buildings in the city - has already announced that the city will be much bigger by 2030. From residential buildings and schools to metro networks and airports to an even larger shopping center: all of this is to be implemented in Abu Dhabi.

Vietnam: Hanoi

Hanoi, also spelled Ha Noi,  is the capital of Vietnam.

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